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Hedegaard Sørensen, ClausORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1346-8094
Publications (10 of 84) Show all publications
Hirschhorn, F., Paulsson, A., Hedegaard Sørensen, C. & Veeneman, W. (2019). Public transport regimes and mobility as a service: Governance approaches in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 130, 178-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public transport regimes and mobility as a service: Governance approaches in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki
2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 130, p. 178-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines governance responses to Mobility as a Service (MaaS). The analysis focuses on the interactions between public transport systems and MaaS developments in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki. Case comparison is informed by the multilevel perspective on socio-technical transitions and literature on meta-governance of networks. Drawing on these frameworks and empirical findings, the paper identifies six governance approaches to MaaS across cases: analyser, architect, convener, experimenter, lawmaker, and provider. These basic models encompass strategies ranging from hands-on strong intervention to information collection efforts. Consistent with the transitions literature, these six approaches indicate that public transport regimes seek to control the apparent disruptive potential of MaaS by incrementally absorbing innovations; to this end, regime actors adopt governance responses that tend to reproduce existing institutionalised ways of doing and prevailing logics. Furthermore, the six approaches reveal intense interaction between regime and niche, suggesting that a niche-regime space might have emerged in the cases; actors travel and operate across niche, regime, and niche-regimes, mainly driven by concerns with market share and revenue streams in the mobility system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14159 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2019.09.016 (DOI)2-s2.0-85072596858 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard Sørensen, C. (2018). A typology of inter-organisational coordination in public transport: The case of timetable planning in Denmark. Research in Transportation Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A typology of inter-organisational coordination in public transport: The case of timetable planning in Denmark
2018 (English)In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

State, regional, and municipal authorities, public transport authorities, and traffic operators at many levels are essential actors in public transport. This paper presents a typology of four coordination mechanisms relevant to interactions among public transport actors. These four mechanisms, i.e. ownership/instruction, contracts, partnerships, and mutual understanding, are all based on basic coordination mechanisms of markets, hierarchies, and networks. A case of timetable planning is examined, because inter-organisational coordination between actors is crucial in this field, and the usefulness of the typology is illustrated via three examples. The results stem from a Danish study of institutional constraints on timetable optimisation in inter-organisational relations. The empirical focus is eastern Denmark, including Greater Copenhagen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
JAI Press Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Local authority, Transport authority, Government (national), Planning, Administration Case study, Timetable
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13175 (URN)10.1016/j.retrec.2018.06.015 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049487139 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-24 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Paulsson, A., Isaksson, K., Hedegaard Sørensen, C., Hrelja, R., Rye, T. & Scholten, C. (2018). Collaboration in public transport planning: Why, how and what?. Research in Transportation Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboration in public transport planning: Why, how and what?
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2018 (English)In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

This paper is about collaboration in public transport governance. Drawing upon the emerging literature that views collaboration through the lens of networks, we explore why and how regional public transport authorities collaborate with both municipalities and public transport operators in the planning of public transport. We also explore the advantages and disadvantages of such collaborations. Based on interviews with civil servants (government officers) in the Swedish metropolitan regions of Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Scania, we conclude that collaboration is, firstly, a way for the regional public transport authorities (RPTA) to engage with the local municipalities and develop joint agreements on public transport priorities. It is also a way to build a common identity with the public transport operators, who operate services under tendered contracts. Secondly, we find that collaboration takes place during official meetings, as well as in informal conversations and face-to-face dialogues. Thirdly, the potential advantages and disadvantages of collaboration hinge on the ability of coordinating actors to put in place processes where the feasibility of plans can be established, and where a sense of common identity can be constructed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
JAI Press, 2018
Keywords
Public transport, Transport authority, Local authority, Administration, Method, Planning
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13176 (URN)10.1016/j.retrec.2018.06.013 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049479394 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Barfod, M. B., Leleur, S., Gudmundsson, H., Hedegaard Sørensen, C. & Greve, C. (2018). Promoting sustainability through national transport planning. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 18(3), 250-261
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting sustainability through national transport planning
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, E-ISSN 1567-7141, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 250-261Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This following special issue of the European Journal of Transport Infrastructure Research (EJTIR) containing 4 scientific papers is the result of the work conducted under the research project 'National Transport Planning - Sustainability, Institutions and Tools' (SUSTAIN) (20122017) financed by the Danish Innovation Fund. SUSTAIN was coordinated by first the Department of Transport of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Transport) and later as the result of a reorganisation of the transport research at DTU by the Department of Management Engineering (DTU Management Engineering). The project was carried out in cooperation with several Danish and international partners. In SUSTAIN the following definition of national sustainable transport planning (NSTP) was adopted: deliberate, knowledge-based, and strategic endeavours to integrate sustainability principles, criteria and goals in the development, management, regulation and assessment of nationally significant transport systems and services. This paper presents the research outcome by reviewing some of the major findings and seeing these collectively as a basis for promoting sustainability through the formulated research topic of NSTP. This basis includes defining criteria and indicators for use in NSTP combining evidence-based and performance oriented planning approaches. Furthermore, it contains a flexible evaluation framework that includes a decision support model that when informed by criteria and indicators can structure and assist an NSTP practice. This practice can support a planning process aiming at realising a sustainable transport development. Finally, the basis comprises a review of the complex political and administrative fabric in which NSTP is embedded, and thereby it can condition the ability to promote sustainability in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EDITORIAL BOARD EJTIR, 2018
Keywords
Government (national), Planning, Sustainability, Transport, Evaluation (assessment), Definition
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13150 (URN)000435954800001 ()2-s2.0-85051674966 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard Sørensen, C. & Pettersson, F. (2018). Vad avgör om kommuner investerar i bussframkomlighetsåtgärder?: Fallstudier av Stockholm, Karlstad och Köpenhamn. Lund: Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad avgör om kommuner investerar i bussframkomlighetsåtgärder?: Fallstudier av Stockholm, Karlstad och Köpenhamn
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Framkomlighetsåtgärder för bussar i städer kan vara en viktig åtgärd för att förbättra kollektivtrafikens attraktivitet och därmed bidra till en överflyttning av resor från privatbilen till kollektivtrafiken. Många städer runt om i världen genomför framkomlighetsåtgärder och vetenskapliga studier av motiven och incitamenten för att införa sådana åtgärder har genomförts i vissa länder. Men studier som fokuserar på de skandinaviska länderna är sällsynta.

Kollektivtrafiken finansieras på olika sätt i svenska regioner, vilket innebär att i vissa regioner har kommunerna ett direkt ekonomiskt incitament att investera i framkomlighetsåtgärder. I normalfallet finns dock inte något direkt ekonomiskt incitament för kommuner som överväger att genomföra framkomlighetsåtgärder för busstrafiken. Utifrån denna bakgrund syftar denna rapport till att svara på två frågor:

  • Vilka faktorer främjar eller hindrar att kommuner investerar i bussframkomlighetsåtgärder?
  • Vilken roll spelar direkta ekonomiska incitament för kommuners beslut om bussframkomlighetsåtgärder?

Rapporten omfattar en litteraturöversikt, samt tre fallstudier av Stockholm, Karlstad och Köpenhamn. Dessa tre städer skiljer sig åt vad gäller finansieringsstrukturen för busstrafiken. Inom ramen för varje fallstudie har en begränsad dokumentanalys och två kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts.

Abstract [en]

Bus priority measures in cities can be important to improve the attractiveness of buses and thereby contribute to a shift from the private car to public transport. Many cities around the globe do introduce bus priority measures. Scientific studies have been carried out in some countries about the motives and incentives for introducing such measures. However, to our knowledge such studies focusing on the Scandinavian countries are rare.

The financial structure of public transport differs among Swedish regions. In some regions the municipalities have a direct economic incentive to invest in bus priority measures, while in most regions they do not. On this background this working paper aims to answer two questions:

  • Which factors enable or hinder that municipalities invest in bus priority measures?
  • What is the role of direct economic incentives for municipalities decision to invest in bus priority measures?

The main methodological steps of this working paper are a literature review, three casestudies including the Swedish cities Stockholm and Karlstad as well as the Danish city of Copenhagen. These three cities differ as regards the financial structure of bus transport. Within each case a small document analysis has been carried out and two qualitative interviews have been completed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lunds universitet, 2018. p. 39
Series
K2 Working paper ; 2018:2
Keywords
Accessibility, Bus, Local authority, Decision process, Incentive (reward), Case study
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13145 (URN)
Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard Sørensen, C. (2018). Å gjenoppfinne kollektivtrafikk i en tid med Smart mobilitet. In: : . Paper presented at TØIs Kollektivforum, Oslo 8/2 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Å gjenoppfinne kollektivtrafikk i en tid med Smart mobilitet
2018 (Danish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
Public transport, Mobility (pers), Autonomus driving, Policy, Transport authority
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12787 (URN)
Conference
TØIs Kollektivforum, Oslo 8/2 2018
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-16 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Hedegaard Sørensen, C. (2017). Fremtidens kollektive transport i Region Sjælland: Fase 3 - Handlingsplan. Søborg: MOE | TETRAPLAN
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fremtidens kollektive transport i Region Sjælland: Fase 3 - Handlingsplan
2017 (Danish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [da]

Region Sjælland har iværksat et udredningsprojekt, som fokuserer på fremtidens kollektive transport i regionen. Projektet indeholder tre faser: kortlægning, scenarier og udarbejdelse af en handlingsplan.  

I første fase er udarbejdet et såkaldt ”mobilitetsatlas”, som illustrerer tilgængelighed og mobilitet med kollektiv transport i regionen. Mobilitetsatlasset peger på udfordringer og muligheder for fremtidens kollektive transport. For det første står den kollektive transport stærkt på især de lange pendlerrejser. For det andet udgør de unges transport til uddannelse en udfordring – særligt for erhvervsuddannelserne. For det tredje følges lavt bilejerskab og dårlig tilgængelighed til kollektiv transport ad i regionens tyndere befolkede områder, og endelig - for det fjerde - udgør eventuel realisering af et servicemål om maksimalt 30 minutters rejsetid til transportknudepunkter og større byer en udfordring i en række – især tyndt befolkede – områder (Moe-Tetraplan, 2016).  

I projektets anden fase har fokus været på at udarbejde tre scenarier for 2025, som sigtede mod at illustrere forskellige udviklingsretninger for regionens kollektive transport og effekterne på rejsetider, tilgængelighed og udgifter til kollektiv transport. Det ene scenarie tilstræbte høj mobilitet og havde til formål at optimere betjeningen med kollektiv transport. I det andet scenarie var sigtet at reducere udgifterne ved at bevare den kollektive transport, hvor den gavner de fleste og begrænse, hvor det generer de færreste. Endelig tilstræbte det tredje scenarie stor tilgængelighed til den kollektive transport ved at udnytte nye organisatoriske og teknologiske mobilitetsløsninger i samspil med den nuværende kollektive transport (Moe-Tetraplan, 2017).  

Der er i hele projektet anlagt en helhedsbetragtning på den kollektive transport, så både kommunalt og regionalt finansierede linjer indgår i overvejelserne.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Søborg: MOE | TETRAPLAN, 2017. p. 26
Keywords
Public transport, Regional planning, Mobility (pers), Accessibility, Journey time, Tariff, Cost
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12674 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Als, P., Nielsen, O. A., Hedegaard Sørensen, C. & Jespersen, P. H. (2017). Hvordan får vi mere og bedre kollektiv trafik för pengene?: Bud på fremtidens organisering af den kollektive trafik i Greater Copenhagen. Köpenhamn: Region Hovedstaden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hvordan får vi mere og bedre kollektiv trafik för pengene?: Bud på fremtidens organisering af den kollektive trafik i Greater Copenhagen
2017 (Danish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [da]

Region Hovedstaden har i sin regionale vækst- og udviklingsstrategi (ReVUS) sat nogle strategiske rammer for en grøn og innovativ metropol med høj vækst og livskvalitet. Et af de strategiske pejlemærker handler om ’Effektiv og bæredygtig mobilitet’.

Hovedstadsområdet har i dag store trafikale udfordringer med kø på vejene samt trængsel i busser og tog. Udfordringerne vil kun vokse i de kommende år, hvor indbyg-gertallet forventes at stige med over 200.000. Der er behov for en sammenhængende planlægning, som kan medvirke til at reducere trængslen og dermed understøtte den økonomiske vækst og udvikling.

Region Hovedstaden har taget initiativ til et arbejde, der skal skabe større sammenhæng i den kollektive trafik i den danske del af Greater Copenhagen. Hvis den kollektive trafik skal løfte en større del af trængselsudfordringen,skal der arbejdes på at udbygge kapaciteten, forbedre servicen og sikre en større sammenhæng på tværs af transportformerne. Køer på motorveje og trængsel i den kollektive transport er dyrt for samfundet.

Til at understøtte arbejdet har Region Hovedstaden nedsat en ekspertgruppe, der med faglige briller kommer med sit bud på, hvilke udfordringer den kollektive trafik skal kunne imødekomme. Oplægget tager udgangspunkt i paraplyorganisationen Din Offentlige Transport (DOT), og hensigten er:

  • at påpege styrker og svagheder i den nuværende organisation
  • at komme med bud på, hvordan man inden for den nu-værende lovgivning kan imødegå nogle af den kollek-tive trafiks udfordringer
  • at komme med bud på, hvordan man med en ændret lovgivning yderligere kan forbedre den kollektive trafiks sammenhæng og attraktivitet

Gruppen har ikke gennemført en ny, selvstændig analyse. Arbejdet bygger på eksisterende analyser og på den viden og erfaring, som gruppens medlemmer besidder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Köpenhamn: Region Hovedstaden, 2017. p. 16
Keywords
Public transport, Regional planning, Mobility (pers), Accessibility, Journey time, Tariff, Cost
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12673 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Urban Transport Group, .. (2017). The Scandinavian Way to Better Public Transport. Leeds
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Scandinavian Way to Better Public Transport
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report has been prepared by the Transport Research Institute at Edinburgh Napier University in collaboration with colleagues in Norway, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands. The main objective of the report, commissioned by the Urban Transport Group (UTG), is to review the experiences of franchising public transport services in these countries, to understand why franchising has been chosen by these countries as a way of organising local and regional public transport services, and to present information on the impacts of this choice. Furthermore, in so doing, much information was gathered on the nature and performance of the local and regional public transport system in these countries more broadly, and much of this information is also presented here in order to put the information on franchising, and the contracts that underlie that system, into context. The first chapter summarises the information about all three countries to give a comparative picture of the level of service that a public transport user will encounter in each country, before moving on to comment on how far each country has achieved the outcomes for public transport that are of particular interest to UTG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leeds: , 2017. p. 64
Keywords
Public transport, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Contract, Competition, Impact study, Efficiency
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Public Administration Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12675 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Schippl, J., Gudmundsson, H., Hedegaard Sørensen, C., Anderton, K., Brand, R., Leiren, M. D. & Reichenbach, M. (2016). Different Pathways for Achieving Cleaner Urban Areas: A Roadmap towards the White Paper Goal for Urban Transport. Paper presented at 6th European Transport Research Conference (TRA2016) - Moving Forward Innovative Solutions for Tomorrow's Mobility PGE Narodowy, Warsaw, Poland - 18-21 April 2016. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 2604-2613
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different Pathways for Achieving Cleaner Urban Areas: A Roadmap towards the White Paper Goal for Urban Transport
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2016 (English)In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 14, p. 2604-2613Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The 2011 White Paper on Transport of the European Commission spells out a series of targets for 2030 and 2050. One of the 10 targets is explicitly related to urban transport and stipulates: ''Halve the use of 'conventionally fuelled' cars in urban transport by 2030; phase them out in cities by 2050. Achieve essentially CO2-free city logistics in major urban centres by 2030.'' With this paper we present and discuss a roadmap that deals with the question who needs to do what by when in order to reach the White Paper goal for urban transport. The ''stakeholder-driven'' roadmap was developed in the FP7 project TRANSFORuM. The paper will present the key findings and the suggested action steps identified in the roadmap. The paper will also exemplify three possible urban transformation pathways towards the urban target. This approach emerged from stakeholder consultations which highlighted the need to take into account the widely differing conditions among European cities.

Keywords
Urban area, Emission, Carbon dioxide, Decrease, Alternative energy, Public transport, Land use
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11052 (URN)10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.413 (DOI)2-s2.0-84991628677 (Scopus ID)
Conference
6th European Transport Research Conference (TRA2016) - Moving Forward Innovative Solutions for Tomorrow's Mobility PGE Narodowy, Warsaw, Poland - 18-21 April 2016
Available from: 2016-11-22 Created: 2016-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1346-8094

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