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Rahman, Mohammad ShafiqurORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5871-7587
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Rahman, M. S., Kharrazi, S. & Erlingsson, S. (2024). High-capacity transport in cities and the impact on the roads. In: Technology Convergence 2023: Setting the Wheels In Motion: Reimagining the future of heavy vehicles, roads and freight. Paper presented at Technology Convergence 2023, Brisbane, Australia, November 6-10, 2023.. International Forum for Heavy Vehicle Transport & Technology; The International Society for Weigh-In-Motion, Article ID 8555.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-capacity transport in cities and the impact on the roads
2024 (English)In: Technology Convergence 2023: Setting the Wheels In Motion: Reimagining the future of heavy vehicles, roads and freight, International Forum for Heavy Vehicle Transport & Technology; The International Society for Weigh-In-Motion , 2024, article id 8555Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the evaluation of the relative pavement damage caused by a high-capacity transport (HCT) 5 axle truck with respect to three other reference trucks consisting of 4, 3 and 2 axles. The analysis was conducted by simulating the responses of three pavement structures using the pavement analysis tool ERAPave. Two damage criteria of the pavement structures were evaluated: fatigue cracking of the asphalt concrete (AC) layer and permanent deformation of the subgrade. The relative damage caused by the different vehicles were estimated by calculating a damage factor (Dr) following the Asphalt Institute Method. Three loading scenarios of the trucks were analyzed: (a) one way trip with fully loaded trucks, (b) round trip where the return trip consisted of the empty vehicles with lifted axles and (c) round trip where the return trip consisted of the empty vehicles without lifting any axles. The damage factors were calculated for per ton of carried load and were normalized with respect to the 2-axle truck. Results indicate that the relative impacts of the vehicles depend on the structure type and seasons. Generally, the 4-axle truck appeared to be the least damaging one. The HCT 5-axle truck is more damaging than the 4-axle truck, but less damaging than the other two.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Forum for Heavy Vehicle Transport & Technology; The International Society for Weigh-In-Motion, 2024
Keywords
High-capacity transport, pavement damage, damage factor, fatigue cracking, subgrade rutting, axle load, payload, fuel consumption, emissions
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-20376 (URN)
Conference
Technology Convergence 2023, Brisbane, Australia, November 6-10, 2023.
Funder
Vinnova, 2020-05149
Note

Technology Convergence 2023, joint conference of The 17th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Transport & Technology (HVTT17) and the 9th International Conference on Weigh-In-Motion (ICWIM9).

Available from: 2024-02-29 Created: 2024-02-29 Last updated: 2024-03-01Bibliographically approved
Dinegdae, Y., Ahmed, A. W., Rahman, M. S. & Erlingsson, S. (2023). Evaluation of ERAPave PP permanent deformation models using APT. International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of ERAPave PP permanent deformation models using APT
2023 (English)In: International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design, ISSN 1468-0629, E-ISSN 2164-7402Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Permanent deformation is one of the failure modes considered in the analysis and design of flexible pavements. ERAPave performance prediction (PP) which is a mechanistic empirical (ME) pavement design tool utilises two distinct models for the prediction of permanent deformation in the bound and unbound granular layers including subgrade. This paper aims to calibrate these models using pavement response and performance data from accelerated pavement testing (APT) structures. Material properties such as layer modulus were established through an optimisation that involves both falling weight deflectometer (FWD) and pavement response measurements. Based on the predicted performance results, a separate set of calibration was performed for permanent deformation development in moist and wet moisture conditions. The calibrated models have resulted in predictions that are in good agreement with observed performances. Furthermore, the model parameters successfully captured the initial densification behaviour and the associated sensitivity with axle load level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-19634 (URN)10.1080/14680629.2023.2191733 (DOI)000956338300001 ()2-s2.0-85150970867 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-03 Created: 2023-04-03 Last updated: 2023-05-24Bibliographically approved
Rahman, S., Waldemarson, A. & Ahmed, A. (2022). Evaluation of conditioning methods for the determination of water sensitivity of asphalt concrete mixtures: comparison of MIST, SS-EN 12697-12:2018 (Method A) and TDOK 2017:0650. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of conditioning methods for the determination of water sensitivity of asphalt concrete mixtures: comparison of MIST, SS-EN 12697-12:2018 (Method A) and TDOK 2017:0650
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Utvärdering av konditioneringsmetoder för bestämning av vattenkänslighet för asfaltbeläggningar
Abstract [en]

Water or moisture in different physical states is a major factor that contributes to various forms of damages in asphalt concrete (AC) pavements. For pavement design and maintenance, it is essential to evaluate the AC mixtures with respect to water/ moisture damage susceptibility. In Sweden, this is currently done according to the Swedish standard (TDOK 2017:0650) or alternatively can be done according to the European standard (SS-EN 12697-12). However, these methods are time consuming, and they do not simulate the pumping action of water due to passing wheels. On the other hand, the Moisture Induced Sensitivity Test (MIST) is intended to be a quick method that applies cyclic pore pressure to simulate the repeated pumping action of water. However, it is a relatively new approach that has not yet been properly studied for Swedish conditions and yet to be standardized in Europe. 

In this project, the MIST, TDOK and the EN methods were evaluated using five different AC mixes. Results showed that the MIST with 12,000 cycles and the TDOK method have comparable and the strongest effect on the stiffness properties. MIST with 3,500 and 7,000 cycles and the EN method showed identical and relatively weak impact of water. MIST also indicated the changes of the indirect tensile strengths of the specimens. However, compared to the TDOK or EN methods, the changes in the indirect tensile strengths due to MIST conditioning were smaller. Overall, MIST was concluded to be a quicker, more convenient and a more realistic alternative. Comparing the various mixes with respect to moisture sensitivity, binder content and air voids showed great influences. The specimens with cut surfaces were less affected by moisture conditioning. The addition of amine additives significantly improved the resistance to moisture damage of the mixes. Generally, the results of this study formed the basis for further development of the EN and TDOK method as well as standardizing the MIST conditioning method in Europe.

Abstract [sv]

Vatten och fukt är en av faktorerna som bidrar till olika former av skador i asfaltbeläggningar (AC). Vid val och kvalitetskontroll av beläggning är det viktigt att utvärdera den med avseende på vattenkänslighet. I Sverige görs detta för närvarande enligt den svenska standarden (TDOK 2017: 0650) och i Europa enligt den europeiska standarden (SS-EN 12697-12). Dessa metoder är emellertid tidskrävande och de simulerar inte vattnets dynamiska portryck i beläggningen som uppkommer när hjul passerar över. En ny metod, Moisture Induced Sensitivity Test (MIST) är en snabb metod som inducerar cykliskt portryck i provkroppen för att simulera pumpning av vatten i en beläggning. Metoden har ännu inte studerats ordentligt för svenska förhållanden och den är ännu inte en standardiserad metod i Europa. 

I detta projekt utvärderades MIST-, TDOK- och EN-metoderna med hjälp av fem olika asfaltmassor. Resultaten visade att MIST med 12 000 cykler och TDOK-metoden gav jämförbara och starkaste effekter på styvhetsegenskaperna. MIST med 3 500 och 7 000 cykler och EN-metoden visade identisk och relativt svag inverkan av vattenkonditionering. MIST indikerade också förändringarna av provens indirekta hållfasthet. Men jämfört med TDOK- eller EN-metoderna var förändringarna i indirekt hållfasthet på grund av MIST-konditionering mindre. Sammantaget verkade MIST vara en snabbare, lättare och mer realistisk metod än de övriga metoderna för att utvärdera vattenkänslighet hos asfaltsbeläggningar. Bland asfaltmassorna var de med det mjukare bindemedlet och med lägre bindemedelshalt de mest påverkade. Asfaltmassan med högre hålrum var också mer påverkad än tätare provkroppar. Proverna med sågade ändytor påverkades mindre än de med osågade ändytor. Tillsats av vidhäftningsmedel (amin) förbättrade avsevärt motståndet mot fuktskador hos massorna. Resultaten av denna studie ger underlag för fortsatt utveckling av EN- och TDOK-metoderna samt argument för att standardisera MIST-konditioneringsmetoden i Europa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2022. p. 30
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 1145A
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-19082 (URN)
Available from: 2022-10-17 Created: 2022-10-17 Last updated: 2022-11-30Bibliographically approved
Ahmed, A., Rahman, S. & Erlingsson, S. (2022). Iron sand as a frost protection layer: thickness design charts. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Iron sand as a frost protection layer: thickness design charts
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Järnsand som frostskyddslager : diagram för lagertjocklek
Abstract [en]

Frost depths and frost heaving calculations were performed to prepare design charts and tables for the iron sand (järnsand) layer thickness design for roads typically used for residential area, parking lots and other low to medium traffic roads, and for ground insulation. 

A segregation potential based frost design method was employed to generate the design charts and tables. The segregation potential method allows the prediction of both frost heaving and frost penetration depth of a pavement structure for a prescribed winter temperature profile or freezing index. Thus, the iron sand layer thickness design tables/charts for roads were prepared for different levels of maximum permitted heaving criteria of 50, 80, 100, and 120 mm. Whereas for ground insulation, a design chart/table was prepared to eliminate any frost action in the ground. In addition to the frost design calculations, two triaxial tests were conducted to evaluate the bearing capacity of the iron sand material. The limited test results indicated that, the bearing capacity of iron sand is similar to conventional sand both in terms of stiffness as well as permanent deformation behavior.

Abstract [sv]

Järnsand är en biprodukt från Bolidens Rönnskärs kopparframställning. Den har god isolering och dränerande egenskaper. Här har tjäldjups- och tjällyftsberäkningar utförts för att förbereda diagram och tabeller för bestämning av lagertjocklekar av järnsand i vägar och gator, typiskt avsedda för bostadsområden, parkeringsplatser och andra låg- till medeltrafikerade vägar, samt för markisolering. 

För att generera konstruktionsdiagrammen och konstruktionstabellerna användes en beräkningsmetod baserad på segregationspotential. Metoden gör det möjligt att förutsäga både tjällyft och frostpenetrationsdjup i en vägkropp för förbestämda vintertemperaturer eller frysindex. Det utarbetades därför diagram för lagertjocklek och tabeller för järnsand, för vägar för olika nivåer av maximalt tillåten tjällyft motsvarande 50, 80, 100 och 120 millimeter. För markisolering utformades däremot diagrammet eller tabellen för att eliminera all påverkan av tjäle i marken. Utöver tjälberäkningarna, utfördes två triaxialförsök för att utvärdera järnsandens bärförmåga. De begränsade testresultaten indikerade att järnsandens bärförmåga liknar konventionell sand både när det gäller styvhets[1]egenskaper och permanent deformationsbeteende.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2022. p. 29
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 1144A
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-19086 (URN)
Available from: 2022-10-20 Created: 2022-10-20 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S., Erlingsson, S. & Ahmed, A. W. (2022). Modelling the permanent deformation of unbound granular materials in pavements. International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling the permanent deformation of unbound granular materials in pavements
2022 (English)In: International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design, ISSN 1468-0629, E-ISSN 2164-7402Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An existing permanent deformation (PD) model for the unbound granular materials (UGMs) in pavements, developed based on multistage (MS) repeated load triaxial (RLT) tests, was modified to better suit to field conditions and software applications. The model was calibrated for a few UGMs with a series of moisture contents (w) using MS (to include the stress-history effect) RLT tests and was validated by predicting the PD under different sets of stress levels and w's. Generally, it exhibited improved predictions over the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) model. The model was further applied for field conditions and was implemented in a pavement design software entitled ERAPave PP, using data from accelerated testing of three structures employing a heavy vehicle simulator (HVS). Based on additional MS RLT tests, a guideline for the ranges of the material parameters for different types of UGMs was presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2022
Keywords
Unbound granular materials, permanent deformation, multi-stage repeated load triaxial test, model, moisture, particle size distribution
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-18864 (URN)10.1080/14680629.2022.2108883 (DOI)000843071100001 ()2-s2.0-85136549870 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-02 Created: 2022-12-02 Last updated: 2022-12-02Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S. & Erlingsson, S. (2022). Monitoring and Simulating the Responses of Four Flexible Pavement Test Sections under Heavy Vehicle Loading. Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 51(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monitoring and Simulating the Responses of Four Flexible Pavement Test Sections under Heavy Vehicle Loading
2022 (English)In: Journal of Testing and Evaluation, ISSN 0090-3973, E-ISSN 1945-7553, Vol. 51, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

For mechanistic-empirical design of pavements, it is essential to accurately predict the responses of the structure that are caused by the design traffic loading. The aim of this study was to compare the simulated responses of pavements with real measurements under heavy vehicle loading. With this objective, four instrumented test sections were built in northern Sweden-about 100 km north of the Arctic Circle. These test sections differed in material quality of the various layers. Each test section was instrumented with pressure cells and strain sensors that measured the pavement response to external loading. Climatic variables were monitored through a weather station as well as temperature and moisture sensors installed in the road structures. Response measurements were carried out using 25-m-long 10-axle vehicles with gross weight of 90 tons. For the simulations of the responses of these test structures under the same vehicular loading, a multilayer elastic theory-based program called ERAPave was used. The required material properties for the simulations were based on laboratory testing of core-drilled samples from the sites. For the simulations, three combinations of material characterizations were considered: (a) linear elastic (LE) all layers, (b) nonlinear (NL) unbound layers, and (c) viscoelastic (VE) asphalt layers. Acceptable agreement between the simulations and measured responses were observed. Generally, the responses calculated based on LE and NL analyses were indistinguishable, whereas the VE analyses showed somewhat lower amplitude peaks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER SOC TESTING MATERIALS, 2022
Keywords
pavement structure, pavement response, instrumentation, long and heavy vehicles, layered elastic, theory, simulation, stress, strain, mechanistic-empirical design
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-19271 (URN)10.1520/JTE20220305 (DOI)000885568800001 ()2-s2.0-85142629635 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-23 Created: 2023-01-23 Last updated: 2023-01-23Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S., Erlingsson, S., Ahmed, A. W. & Dinegdae, Y. H. (2021). A model for the permanent deformation behavior of the unbound layers of pavements. In: Inge Hoff, Helge Mork & Rabbira Saba (Ed.), Proceedings Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields: Volume 1. Paper presented at Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields. (pp. 277-287). London: CRC Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model for the permanent deformation behavior of the unbound layers of pavements
2021 (English)In: Proceedings Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields: Volume 1 / [ed] Inge Hoff, Helge Mork & Rabbira Saba, London: CRC Press, 2021, Vol. 1, p. 277-287Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article presents a model for the permanent deformation (PD) behavior of unbound granular materials (UGMs) used in the base and subbase layers of pavement struc- tures. The model was developed based on multistage (MS) repeated load triaxial (RLT) test- ing. This is essentially a modified version of a previously developed model to better suit to field conditions in a simple and effective manner. The model was calibrated for eight com- monly used UGMs using MSRLT tests with a range of moisture contents. For validation, the calibrated models were used to predict the PD behavior of three of the UGMs in MSRLT tests with stress levels and moisture contents different from those used during the calibrations. This model showed better quality of fit when compared with another widely used PD model. The model was further tested successfully for field conditions by capturing the PD behavior of an instrumented pavement test section in a controlled environment using a heavy vehicle simu- lator (HVS) based accelerated pavement testing (APT). Inputs for calibrating the model were based on the readings from the instrumentations. The parameters of the model were adjusted to match the measured data with the predictions. Based on these results for various design conditions, some ranges of values of the material parameters of the model were suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: CRC Press, 2021
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-18532 (URN)10.1201/9781003222880 (DOI)9781003222880 (ISBN)
Conference
Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields.
Available from: 2022-04-11 Created: 2022-04-11 Last updated: 2022-04-11Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S. & Erlingsson, S. (2021). Impact of introducing longer and heavier vehicles on the bearing capacity of pavement subgrades. In: Inge Hoff, Helge Mork & Rabbira Saba (Ed.), Proceedings Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields: Volume 1. Paper presented at Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (pp. 239-249). London: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of introducing longer and heavier vehicles on the bearing capacity of pavement subgrades
2021 (English)In: Proceedings Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields: Volume 1 / [ed] Inge Hoff, Helge Mork & Rabbira Saba, London: CRC Press, 2021, p. 239-249Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increasing the maximum permissible gross weight of vehicles from 64 tons to 74 tons on Swedish highways may significantly increase deformation in subgrades requiring extensive and expensive measures for maintenance deep down in the structures. Even though the individual axle load remains the same, longer and heavier vehicles will contain higher pro- portions of tandem and tridem axles and the total load will be superposed on to the subgrade resulting in higher deformations. In this study, the relative impact of single, tandem and tridem axles on subgrade deformation was analyzed based on calculations in a pavement design software called ERAPave. Three structures with different layer thicknesses and varying material properties during the spring-thaw and summer period were analyzed. In general, it was observed that the relative impact is dependent on the thicknesses and material properties of the pavement structure and the subgrade. Weaker subgrade is more affected by the tridem axle followed by tandem and single axle. The tridem axle is more damaging to the sub-grade for thicker and stiffer structures. In certain cases, the single axle showed more impact on the top of the subgrade. The tridem axle showed more vertical deflection in all cases that may induce increased fatigue cracking of the asphalt concrete (AC) layer. Duration of loading was higher for the tridem axle which has more damage potential. Thus, for the whole vehicle, con- taining more tridem axles, the effects may be superposed resulting in greater damage. On the other hand, the higher load carrying capacity of the tandem and tridem axle configurations will reduce the number of trips required to carry the same amount of goods. This may compensate for the increased damage to the subgrade and the impact on the life cycle of the pavement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: CRC Press, 2021
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-18531 (URN)10.1201/9781003222880-22 (DOI)9781003222880 (ISBN)
Conference
Eleventh International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields
Available from: 2022-04-11 Created: 2022-04-11 Last updated: 2022-04-11Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S., Simonsen, E., Hellman, F., Ahmed, A. W. & Erlingsson, S. (2020). Structural performance evaluation of block pavements using heavy vehicle simulator. In: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering: . Paper presented at 6th International Conference on Accelerated Pavement Testing, APT 2021; Nantes; France; 27 September 2021 through 29 September 2021 (pp. 280-288). Springer, 96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural performance evaluation of block pavements using heavy vehicle simulator
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2020 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, Springer , 2020, Vol. 96, p. 280-288Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Block pavements (BPs) can be of different types depending on applications and provide certain advantages in many instances. Among BPs, permeable concrete block pavements (PCBPs) play a vital role in sustainable drainage system and help the growth of trees and vegetations in urban environment. With the expansion of the usage of BPs from parking lots to heavier trafficked areas and owing to changing climatic conditions, it is necessary to develop guidelines for their designs and constructions. With this objective, ten different types of BPs were investigated in an accelerated pavement testing facility using a heavy vehicle simulator (HVS). The surface rutting developed during the load applications were measured. The impact of moisture was also investigated by raising the ground water table during the tests. By comparing the rutting performances of the BPs to a reference BP structure, the layer thicknesses of these BPs were adjusted using a pavement design software to attain the same rutting performance as the reference structure. Based on these analyses, design tables for BPs for Swedish conditions were developed. In this paper, the results from the HVS tests and the methodology used for the development of the design tables are summarized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-15553 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-55236-7_29 (DOI)2-s2.0-85090097024 (Scopus ID)9783030552350 (ISBN)
Conference
6th International Conference on Accelerated Pavement Testing, APT 2021; Nantes; France; 27 September 2021 through 29 September 2021
Available from: 2020-09-11 Created: 2020-09-11 Last updated: 2020-09-11Bibliographically approved
Rahman, M. S., Hellman, F. & Erlingsson, S. (2019). Investigation of the permanent deformation properties of open-graded permeable unbound granular materials. In: Pavement and Asset Management - Proceedings of the World Conference on Pavement and Asset Management, WCPAM 2017: . Paper presented at World Conference on Pavement and Asset Management, WCPAM 2017, 12 June 2017 through 16 June 2017 (pp. 105-114). CRC Press/Balkema
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigation of the permanent deformation properties of open-graded permeable unbound granular materials
2019 (English)In: Pavement and Asset Management - Proceedings of the World Conference on Pavement and Asset Management, WCPAM 2017, CRC Press/Balkema , 2019, p. 105-114Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Open-Graded (OG) Unbound Granular Materials (UGMs) are generally used in permeable pavement constructions. In this study, the Permanent Deformation (PD) characteristics of two OG UGMs were investigated by means of Multistage (MS) Repeated- Load Triaxial (RLT) tests. The influence of moisture on the PD behavior was also investigated. Compared to a few standard UGMs, these OG UMGs exhibited slightly lower resistance against PD in relatively dry state. On the other hand, these materials were less sensitive to moisture. Therefore, at higher moisture content, the OG UGMs and the standard UGMs showed identical PD behavior. Furthermore, the accumulation of PD was modelled using a simple model which may be used for prediction of rutting, estimating bearing capacity, and for layer thickness design, using a suitable pavement design software.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press/Balkema, 2019
Keywords
Unbound roadbase, Permeability, Triaxial, Repetitive loading, Moisture content, Deformation, Forecast
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
30 Road: Highway design, 32 Road: Pavement design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13728 (URN)2-s2.0-85063612781 (Scopus ID)9780367209896 (ISBN)
Conference
World Conference on Pavement and Asset Management, WCPAM 2017, 12 June 2017 through 16 June 2017
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5871-7587

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