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Dukic Willstrand, T., Anund, A., Pereira Cocron, M., Griesche, S., Strand, N., Troberg, S., . . . Nikolau, S. (2018). Collecting end-user needs regarding driver statebased automation in ADAS&ME project. In: : . Paper presented at Transport Research Arena TRA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collecting end-user needs regarding driver statebased automation in ADAS&ME project
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Questionnaire, Advanced driver assistance system, Attitude (psychol)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12878 (URN)
Conference
Transport Research Arena TRA
Projects
ADAS&ME
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Dukic Willstrand, T., Anund, A., Pereira Cocron, M., Griesche, S., Strand, N., Troberg, S. & Zanovello, L. (2018). Collecting end-users needs regarding driver state-based automation in the ADAS&ME project. In: : . Paper presented at Proceedings of 7th Transport Research Arena TRA 2018, April 16-19, 2018, Vienna, Austria.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collecting end-users needs regarding driver state-based automation in the ADAS&ME project
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The EU funded project ADAS&ME (Adaptive ADAS to support incapacitated drivers & Mitigate Effectively risks through tailor made HMI under automation) develops adapted Advanced Driver Assistance Systems. A web based survey was designed to collect the opinion of ADAS&ME end-users about automated functions that could support the driver/rider during different driving tasks. In total, 1094 persons answered the survey. The results reveal that most of the participants had heard of automated functions previously, and that about half of them also had experience using such functions. Several participants indicated concerns about data security. Furthermore, the results give an insight into how end-users perceive automation and what they see as advantages and limitations for implementation of automated driving systems corresponding to the ADAS&MEs’ goals.

Keywords
Questionnaire, Advanced driver assistance system, Attitude (psychol)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12877 (URN)
Conference
Proceedings of 7th Transport Research Arena TRA 2018, April 16-19, 2018, Vienna, Austria
Projects
ADAS&ME
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 203048
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved
Thorslund, B., Strand, N. & Dukic Willstrand, T. (2017). Attitudes among older drivers towards medical assessment at renewal of driving license in Sweden. European Transport Research Review, 9(2), Article ID 14.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes among older drivers towards medical assessment at renewal of driving license in Sweden
2017 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim was to examine attitudes among older adults in Sweden as regards a possible legislation for medical assessment at license renewal depending on their health status (vision and hearing) and gender.

Methods: A questionnaire study measuring attitudes towards medical assessments at license renewal and an examination of vision, hearing, and cognitive abilities was conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute. 109 participants older than 60 years participated in the study (58 women, 51 men). They were categorized into four groups according to their health status: (1) without any visual or hearing impairment, (2) visual impairment, (3) hearing impairment, and (4) visual and hearing impairment. All data collection was performed in a driving assessment situation.

Results: The answers showed positive attitudes towards recurring vision test (94% positive) and recurring medical assessments (93% positive). A majority wanted to include tests of visual acuity, contrast vision, and visual field. The most common choice was a starting point of 70 years and an interval of 2–3 years. Gender effects showing that woman were more positive towards some assessment and shorter time intervals between them was revealed. No significant effect of hearing or vision decline was found. Better results on cognitive tests was associated with positive attitudes towards medical testing.

Conclusions: The participants were positive towards medical assessments at license renewal, indicating that there is an acceptance in the population for such legislation. Even short intervals such as every two or three years were accepted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2017
Keywords
Driving licence, Old people, Attitude (psychol), Legislation, Health, Vision, Cognition, Hearing, Questionnaire
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 845 Road: Traffic law enforcement; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11754 (URN)10.1007/s12544-017-0231-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85015853333 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Strand, N., Suzuki, K. & Peters, B. (2017). Development of a safe driving guidance system that targets 30 km/h zones. In: : . Paper presented at Fourth International Symposium on Future Active Safety Technology Toward Zero Accidents (FAST-zero ´17). Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of a safe driving guidance system that targets 30 km/h zones
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traffic accidents between vehicles and vulnerable road users, and the senior part of the population particularly, is a traffic safety problem that must be addressed continuously. A safe driving guidance system such as an intelligent speed adaptation system that suppress the speed to prevent and mitigate accidents is an important measure that can address this traffic safety problem. In specific, the accidents targeted in this paper are those that appear in intersections. An intelligent speed adaptation system with acoustic and graphical information that is adapted to the driver’s characteristics to increase the compliance with the guidance provided by the system is developed. Two driving simulator studies were conducted as part of the development procedure. The results of these experiments indicated that a speed restraining effect could be determined of the system and different human-machine-interfaces were compared. The safe driving guidance system was also optimized to driver characteristics and a target value was presented with an optimal value. Implications for system design and human-machine-interaction is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, 2017
Keywords
Intelligent speed adaptation, Accident, Junction, Simulator (driving), Human machine interface
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12412 (URN)
Conference
Fourth International Symposium on Future Active Safety Technology Toward Zero Accidents (FAST-zero ´17)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved
Strand, N., Karlsson, I. C. & Nilsson, L. (2016). End Users’ Acceptance and Use of Adaptive Cruise Control Systems. In: Bucchianico, Giuseppe; Di Vallicelli, Andrea; Stanton, Neville A.; Landry, Steven J. (Ed.), Human Factors in Transportation: Social and Technological Evolution Across Maritime, Road, Rail, and Aviation Domains (pp. 243-253). Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>End Users’ Acceptance and Use of Adaptive Cruise Control Systems
2016 (English)In: Human Factors in Transportation: Social and Technological Evolution Across Maritime, Road, Rail, and Aviation Domains / [ed] Bucchianico, Giuseppe; Di Vallicelli, Andrea; Stanton, Neville A.; Landry, Steven J., Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis Group, 2016, p. 243-253Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Keywords
Adaptive cruise control, Driver, Behaviour, Attitude (psychol), Use, Advanced driver assistance system
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10977 (URN)10.1201/9781315370460-20 (DOI)2-s2.0-85052168895 (Scopus ID)978-1-4987-2617-7 (ISBN)978-1-4987-2620-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Strand, N., Dukic Willstrand, T. & Marin-Lamellet, C. (2016). SAFE Move for older drivers: A French-Swedish research initiative. In: : . Paper presented at The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP 2016). International Union of Psychological Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SAFE Move for older drivers: A French-Swedish research initiative
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Faced with the aging of the population, it is crucial for older drivers to keep driving in order to ensure their mobility and autonomy in daily life as long as possible. Driving is an important aspect of maintaining mobility and independence. Driving is a complex task, requiring a range of visual, psychomotor and cognitive abilities. The regulation of driving activity is crucial for continuing to drive in a safe manner. The SAFE MOVE project is based on the hypothesis that a correct estimation of one’s driving ability is necessary to drive safely. The project has identified groups of estimators (correct/under/over) of driving ability by means of questionnaire and driving on-road. Two interventions were tested: simulator-based training program and use of Advanced Driving Assistances Systems (ADAS) on-board vehicle. Both training and the development of ADAS might be two options to support older drivers and prolong their time as active safe drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Union of Psychological Science, 2016
Keywords
Old people, Driver, Driving aptitude, Estimation, Questionnaire, Advanced driver assistance system, Driver training, Simulator (driving)
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12413 (URN)
Conference
The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP 2016)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-11-06Bibliographically approved
Thorslund, B. & Strand, N. (2016). Vision measurability and its impact on safe driving: a literature review. Scandinavian Journal of Optometry and Visual Science, 9(1), 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vision measurability and its impact on safe driving: a literature review
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Optometry and Visual Science, ISSN 1891-0882, E-ISSN 1891-0890, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowledge of measurability of vision and its impact on safe driving have been proven to be important to secure a safe traffic system. Several different approaches to measuring visual function in order to improve road safety have been identified around the world. A trend seen in the literature is that traditional vision tests are increasingly supplemented by cognitive tests.

The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of visual capabilities that are important for safe driving. The study answered questions about the visual capabilities that are essential for safe driving; which tests are available and how they are used; and existing evidence for these tests.

The literature review was based on database searches of TRID, Web of Science and PubMed. In total 128 scientific publications were included in the overview. The results provided an overview of international standards of vision required for driving a car. Moreover, the results were structured according to the different visual capabilities and a corresponding account of the diseases that may affect these capabilities; available tests and corroborating evidence for the test; and the manner in which these capabilities are important for safe driving. Two tests were highlighted based on the review: contrast sensitivity, and Useful Field of View.

It was also concluded that 1) testing of vision should consist of several complementary tests, 2) good visual acuity is not alone sufficient for safe driving, and 3) tests including cognitive aspects can complement vision testing and improve the assessment of safe driving.

Abstract [sv]

Kunskap om synförmågans mätbarhet och inverkan på bilkörning har visat sig vara av vikt för att trygga ett säkert trafiksystem. Flera olika ansatser till att mäta synförmågan i syfte att förbättra trafiksäkerheten har identifierats runt om i världen. En trend som setts är att traditionella syntester alltmer kompletterats med kognitiva tester.

Syftet med den här studien var att ge en översikt över synförmågor som är viktiga för säker bilkörning. Studien besvarade frågor om egenskaper i synen, viktiga för säker bilkörning, vilka tester som finns och hur dessa används, samt vilken evidens som finns för olika tester.

Litteraturöversikten vilade på resultat från sökningar gjorda i databaserna TRID, Web of Science och PubMed. Totalt inkluderades 128 vetenskapliga publiceringar i översikten. Resultaten bereder en översyn av internationella krav på synförmågan som ställs för privata bilförare. Vidare presenteras resultat uppdelat utifrån olika synförmågor där dessa beskrivs tillsammans med en översikt av sjukdomar som kan påverka förmågan, vilka tester som finns och dess evidens, samt hur förmågan inverkar på säker bilkörning. Två tester lyftes fram utifrån dessa starka stöd i litteraturen och dessa var (1) kontrastkänslighet och (2) Useful Field of View.

Utifrån resultatet drogs slutsatsen att testning av synförmåga bör bestå av kompletterande tester, att de mest förekommande måtten på synskärpa inte är tillräckligt för att säkerställa säker bilkörning, samt att tester som inrymmer kognitiva aspekter kan komplettera bedömningen av synförmågan.

Keywords
Vision, Measurement, Evaluation (assessment), Cognition, Safety, Driving aptitude, Illness, Test
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10844 (URN)
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-11-07Bibliographically approved
Thorslund, B. & Strand, N. (2016). Vision measurability and its impact on safe driving: a literature review. In: : . Paper presented at 17th International Conference Road Safety On Five Continents (RS5C 2016), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17-19 May 2016. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vision measurability and its impact on safe driving: a literature review
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Knowledge of measurability of vision and its impact on safe driving have proven to be important to secure a safe traffic system. Several different approaches to measure vision in order to improve road safety have been identified around the world. A trend seen in the literature is that traditional vision tests increasingly are supplemented by cognitive tests. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of visual capabilities that are important for safe driving. The study answered questions about the visual capabilities that are essential for safe driving; which tests are available and how they are used; and existing evidence for these tests. The literature review was based on database searches of TRID, Web of Science and PubMed. In total 128 scientific publications were included in the overview. The results provided an overview of international standards of vision required for driving a car. Moreover, the results were structured according to the different visual capabilities and a corresponding account of the diseases that may affect these capabilities; which tests that are available and corroborating evidence for the test; and the manner in which these capabilities are important for safe driving. Two tests were highlighted based on the review and these were contrast sensitivity, and Useful Field of View. It was also concluded that 1), testing of vision should consist of several complementary tests, and 2), visual acuity is not sufficient for safe driving, and 3), tests including cognitive aspects can complement vision testing and improve the assessment of safe driving.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
X RSXC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10292 (URN)
Conference
17th International Conference Road Safety On Five Continents (RS5C 2016), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17-19 May 2016
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved
Stave, C. & Strand, N. (2015). Drivers’ knowledge and learning of advanced driver assistance systems. In: : . Paper presented at 22nd ITS World Congress, Bordeaux, France, 5–9 October 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers’ knowledge and learning of advanced driver assistance systems
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study addressed end-users’ knowledge of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and the role of learning in relation to use of the systems. Therefore end-users’ perspective on the subject of the systems’ purpose, functions, potential risks and usefulness were explored, as well as motives behind choosing to use the systems. The study used qualitative/mixed methods through a combination of focus group interviews, questionnaires, and in-depth interviews. Results show that safety, technology interest and assistance were the main motives which influenced knowledge, learning and use of ADAS. Furthermore two groups of users were identified: drivers with special interest in car technology, and drivers with less interest in car technology. They had different needs and relations to the systems. An indication is that activities for learning could close the gap of knowledge and raise compatibility as well as value of ADAS, beneficial for both users and traffic safety.

Keywords
Driver assistanse system, Comprehension, Learning, Motivation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-8036 (URN)
Conference
22nd ITS World Congress, Bordeaux, France, 5–9 October 2015
Available from: 2015-10-19 Created: 2015-10-19 Last updated: 2016-07-06Bibliographically approved
Thorslund, B. & Strand, N. (2015). Synförmågans mätbarhet och inverkan på säker bilkörning: en litteraturstudie. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synförmågans mätbarhet och inverkan på säker bilkörning: en litteraturstudie
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Sight measurability and impact on safe driving : a literature review
Abstract [sv]

I detta notat redovisas en litteraturstudie som ger en översikt över synförmågor som är viktiga för bilkörning. Forskarna konstaterar att de mest förekommande måtten på synskärpa inte är tillräckliga för att säkerställa säker bilkörning och att kognitiva tester kan komplettera bedömningen. Studien besvarar frågor om egenskaper i synen som är viktiga för säker bilkörning, vilka tester som finns och hur dessa används, samt vilken evidens som finns för olika tester. Totalt inkluderades 128 vetenskapliga publicering i litteraturöversikten. Flera olika ansatser till att mäta synförmågan i syfte att förbättra trafiksäkerheten har identifierats runt om i världen. En trend som setts är att traditionella syntester alltmer kompletterats med kognitiva tester. Resultaten ger en översyn av internationella krav på synförmågan som ställs för privata bilförare. Vidare presenteras resultat uppdelat utifrån olika synförmågor där dessa beskrivs tillsammans med en översikt av sjukdomar som kan påverka förmågan, vilka tester som finns och dess evidens, samt hur förmågan inverkar på säker bilkörning. Två tester lyftes fram utifrån starka stöd i litteraturen: (1) kontrastkänslighet och (2) Useful Field of View. Utifrån resultatet drogs slutsatsen att testning av synförmåga bör bestå av kompletterande tester, att de mest förekommande måtten på synskärpa inte är tillräckligt för att säkerställa säker bilkörning, samt att tester som inrymmer kognitiva aspekter kan komplettera bedömningen av synförmågan.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of vision abilities that are important for safe driving. Knowledge of measurability of vision and its impact on driving have proven to be important to secure a safe traffic system. Several different approaches to measure vision in order to improve road safety have been identified around the world. A trend seen is that the traditional vision tests more and more are supplemented by cognitive tests. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of vision abilities that are important for safe driving. The study answered questions about vision abilities that are essential for safe driving, which tests are available and how they are used, and the existing evidence for these tests. In total 128 scientific publications were included in the overview. The results provide an overview of international standards of vision required for driving a car. Furthermore, the results were presented according to different vision abilities which are described along with an account of diseases that may affect the ability, which tests that are available and the evidence for these, and how the ability is important for safe driving. Two tests were highlighted based on the strong support found in the literature and these were (1) contrast sensitivity, and (2) Useful Field of View. Based on the results it was concluded that testing of vision should consist of several complementary tests, the most common measure, visual acuity that is, is not sufficient for safe driving, and that tests that includes cognitive aspects can improve the assessment of vision related to safe driving.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2015. p. 42
Series
VTI notat ; 23-2015
Keywords
Vision, Visual acuity, Field of vision, Driver, Measurement, Test method, Illness, Sight defect
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-8033 (URN)
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8243-419X

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