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Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Andersson, J., Skoglund, T. & Strand, N. (2019). The Human-Tech Matrix: A Socio-Technical Approach to Evaluation of Automated Transport Systems. In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing: . Paper presented at 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design: Future Trends and Applications, IHSED 2018; Reims; France; 25 October 2018 through 27 October 2018; Code 219909 (pp. 375-380). Springer Verlag, 876
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Human-Tech Matrix: A Socio-Technical Approach to Evaluation of Automated Transport Systems
2019 (English)In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer Verlag , 2019, Vol. 876, p. 375-380Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An automated transport system has the potential to improve traffic safety and flow, but also to the accessibility and comfort for users of the transport system. Realizing the positive effects with automated transport is about shaping regulatory, organizational and technical systems. Here, appropriate evaluation enables steering efforts in the desired direction. The overall aim of this study was to develop a methodological framework that could identify effects of an automated transport system, and outline methods and metrics for evaluation of these effects. We propose a tentative case-based methodology to define measures of the effects of an automated transport system that will give key stakeholders new possibilities to evaluate research and development projects and efforts connected to automation of the transport system, and thereby manage these in a human-centered direction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2019
Keywords
Automation, Transport network, Evaluation (assessment), Method, Human factor
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
20 Road: Traffic engineering, 23 Road: ITS och traffic
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13367 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-02053-8_57 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055822489 (Scopus ID)9783030020521 (ISBN)
Conference
1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design: Future Trends and Applications, IHSED 2018; Reims; France; 25 October 2018 through 27 October 2018; Code 219909
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Strand, N. & Eriksson, A. (2018). A Brief Report on Young Adults Views on Automated Driving. In: : . Paper presented at 1st Internacional Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Brief Report on Young Adults Views on Automated Driving
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Adolescent, Autonomous driving, Attitude (psychol)
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13752 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.2.13781.68327 (DOI)
Conference
1st Internacional Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved
Strand, N., Stave, C. & Ihlström, J. (2018). A case-study on drivers' mental model of partial driving automation. In: : . Paper presented at 25th ITS World Congress, Copenhagen, Denmark, 17-21 September 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A case-study on drivers' mental model of partial driving automation
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The scope of this case-study was the development of driver's mental models of partial driving automation. For an adoption decision to be made, and to facilitate use of driving automation mental models are important. Systems such as Volvo´s Pilot Assist has been included as standard equipment in recent cars and drivers has the option to incorporate these systems in their driving. In our study drivers were interviewed when they had decided to buy a new car, at the delivery, one week after delivery, and finally after four months of owning it. The results suggest that mental models develop over time and may explain behaviour outcomes (system usage). Prior knowledge and the interplay between theoretical and practical experience are important factors for the development of the mental model and to help the driver over a threshold. A tentative conclusion is that drivers could be supported when introduced to automated driving systems.

Keywords
Electronic driving aid, Interview, Driver, Cognition
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13754 (URN)
Conference
25th ITS World Congress, Copenhagen, Denmark, 17-21 September 2018
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Strand, N. (2018). Assessing driver acceptability of the PROSPECT system. In: : . Paper presented at FINAL EVENT of the European projects on Traffic Safety of Vulnerable Road Users.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing driver acceptability of the PROSPECT system
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Acceptance testing is an important part of PROSPECT. It provides knowledge on users' perception of the systems developed within the project, and an indication of their likelihood to purchase such a system. Fundamentally, it is crucial for the success of such active safety systems that they are acceptable to the drivers (e.g. judged to be useful and trusted).

Keywords
Pedestrian, Active safety system, Autonomous emergency braking, Acceptability, Driver
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13982 (URN)
Conference
FINAL EVENT of the European projects on Traffic Safety of Vulnerable Road Users
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Dukic Willstrand, T., Anund, A., Pereira Cocron, M., Griesche, S., Strand, N., Troberg, S., . . . Nikolau, S. (2018). Collecting end-user needs regarding driver statebased automation in ADAS&ME project. In: : . Paper presented at Transport Research Arena TRA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collecting end-user needs regarding driver statebased automation in ADAS&ME project
Show others...
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Questionnaire, Advanced driver assistance system, Attitude (psychol)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12878 (URN)
Conference
Transport Research Arena TRA
Projects
ADAS&ME
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Dukic Willstrand, T., Anund, A., Pereira Cocron, M., Griesche, S., Strand, N., Troberg, S. & Zanovello, L. (2018). Collecting end-users needs regarding driver state-based automation in the ADAS&ME project. In: : . Paper presented at Proceedings of 7th Transport Research Arena TRA 2018, April 16-19, 2018, Vienna, Austria.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collecting end-users needs regarding driver state-based automation in the ADAS&ME project
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The EU funded project ADAS&ME (Adaptive ADAS to support incapacitated drivers & Mitigate Effectively risks through tailor made HMI under automation) develops adapted Advanced Driver Assistance Systems. A web based survey was designed to collect the opinion of ADAS&ME end-users about automated functions that could support the driver/rider during different driving tasks. In total, 1094 persons answered the survey. The results reveal that most of the participants had heard of automated functions previously, and that about half of them also had experience using such functions. Several participants indicated concerns about data security. Furthermore, the results give an insight into how end-users perceive automation and what they see as advantages and limitations for implementation of automated driving systems corresponding to the ADAS&MEs’ goals.

Keywords
Questionnaire, Advanced driver assistance system, Attitude (psychol)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12877 (URN)
Conference
Proceedings of 7th Transport Research Arena TRA 2018, April 16-19, 2018, Vienna, Austria
Projects
ADAS&ME
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 203048
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
Strand, N. (2018). Driver reactions to warning and automatic steering in a critical VRU scenario. In: : . Paper presented at FINAL EVENT of the European projects on Traffic Safety of Vulnerable Road Users.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driver reactions to warning and automatic steering in a critical VRU scenario
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main objective was to assess drivers reactions to Warnings and Active Steering interventions in critical longitudinal VRU scenarios when the drivers are distracted. The motivation is to build new knowledge of the performance of todays Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and for improvement of performance of future ADAS using with the driver in the loop. The results are also relevant for development of future ADAS test methods.

National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13983 (URN)
Conference
FINAL EVENT of the European projects on Traffic Safety of Vulnerable Road Users
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, A., Augusto, B., Strand, N. & Sandin, J. (2018). Drivers’ recovery performance in a critical run-off-road scenario: A driving simulator study. In: Nicole Van Nes, Charlotte Voegelé (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 13-14 June 2018: . Paper presented at 6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 13-14 June 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers’ recovery performance in a critical run-off-road scenario: A driving simulator study
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 13-14 June 2018 / [ed] Nicole Van Nes, Charlotte Voegelé, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Single vehicle accidents are commonly caused by fatigue and distractionand resulting in severe casualties and high economic costs. In order to evaluate driver recovery from run-off-road accidents, comprising of 80% of fatal crashes on rural roads, a simulator study in an advanced full-motion driving simulator was carried out. Drivers were given a secondary task to perform at six positions down the road(to simulate distraction), and an artificial yawdeviation was added to the vehicle to induce a run-off-road accident whilst the driver was distracted. The results show that the severity of the recovery manoeuvre was larger than similar events caused by the failureof automated lane keeping systems, leading to lane departures. Furthermore, significant learning effects was found, providing recommendations for further studies into run-off-road experiments.

National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13751 (URN)
Conference
6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 13-14 June 2018
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Thorslund, B., Strand, N. & Dukic Willstrand, T. (2017). Attitudes among older drivers towards medical assessment at renewal of driving license in Sweden. European Transport Research Review, 9(2), Article ID 14.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes among older drivers towards medical assessment at renewal of driving license in Sweden
2017 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim was to examine attitudes among older adults in Sweden as regards a possible legislation for medical assessment at license renewal depending on their health status (vision and hearing) and gender.

Methods: A questionnaire study measuring attitudes towards medical assessments at license renewal and an examination of vision, hearing, and cognitive abilities was conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute. 109 participants older than 60 years participated in the study (58 women, 51 men). They were categorized into four groups according to their health status: (1) without any visual or hearing impairment, (2) visual impairment, (3) hearing impairment, and (4) visual and hearing impairment. All data collection was performed in a driving assessment situation.

Results: The answers showed positive attitudes towards recurring vision test (94% positive) and recurring medical assessments (93% positive). A majority wanted to include tests of visual acuity, contrast vision, and visual field. The most common choice was a starting point of 70 years and an interval of 2–3 years. Gender effects showing that woman were more positive towards some assessment and shorter time intervals between them was revealed. No significant effect of hearing or vision decline was found. Better results on cognitive tests was associated with positive attitudes towards medical testing.

Conclusions: The participants were positive towards medical assessments at license renewal, indicating that there is an acceptance in the population for such legislation. Even short intervals such as every two or three years were accepted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2017
Keywords
Driving licence, Old people, Attitude (psychol), Legislation, Health, Vision, Cognition, Hearing, Questionnaire
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 845 Road: Traffic law enforcement; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11754 (URN)10.1007/s12544-017-0231-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85015853333 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Strand, N., Suzuki, K. & Peters, B. (2017). Development of a safe driving guidance system that targets 30 km/h zones. In: : . Paper presented at Fourth International Symposium on Future Active Safety Technology Toward Zero Accidents (FAST-zero ´17). Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of a safe driving guidance system that targets 30 km/h zones
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traffic accidents between vehicles and vulnerable road users, and the senior part of the population particularly, is a traffic safety problem that must be addressed continuously. A safe driving guidance system such as an intelligent speed adaptation system that suppress the speed to prevent and mitigate accidents is an important measure that can address this traffic safety problem. In specific, the accidents targeted in this paper are those that appear in intersections. An intelligent speed adaptation system with acoustic and graphical information that is adapted to the driver’s characteristics to increase the compliance with the guidance provided by the system is developed. Two driving simulator studies were conducted as part of the development procedure. The results of these experiments indicated that a speed restraining effect could be determined of the system and different human-machine-interfaces were compared. The safe driving guidance system was also optimized to driver characteristics and a target value was presented with an optimal value. Implications for system design and human-machine-interaction is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, 2017
Keywords
Intelligent speed adaptation, Accident, Junction, Simulator (driving), Human machine interface
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12412 (URN)
Conference
Fourth International Symposium on Future Active Safety Technology Toward Zero Accidents (FAST-zero ´17)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8243-419X

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