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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Wehtje, P., Andersson, J. & Niska, A. (2018). Effektsamband mellan infrastruktur och cykling: en kunskapssammanställning. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effektsamband mellan infrastruktur och cykling: en kunskapssammanställning
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The relation between the infrastructure measures and cycling : a state of the art report
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att sammanställa befintlig kunskap för hur effektsambanden mellan infrastrukturåtgärder och antalet olyckor och andelen cykling ser ut. Dessutom behövs kunskaper gällande de sekundära effekter som ett ökat cyklande kan ge. De sekundära effekter som studerades i detta projekt är hälsoeffekter samt samhällsekonomiska effekter.

Kunskapssammanställning genom litteraturstudier samt telefonintervjuer med de 16 medlemskommuner i Svenska Cykelstäder som var med i en tidigare studie kallad Cykeleffekt del1.

Abstract [en]

The purpose was to consolidate existing knowledge of the relationships between infrastructure measures and a) number of accidents and b) number of cyclists. Another purpose was to consolidate knowledge regarding the secondary effects that increased cycling can provide. The secondary effects that will be investigated in this project are health effects and economic effects.

Compilation of knowledge through literature studies and telephone interviews with 16 of the 26 municipalities that are members of the association Swedish Cycling Cities (Svenska Cykelstäder) and who participated in a previous study called “Cykeleffekt-del1”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2018. p. 99
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 944
Keywords
Cycle lane, Cycle track, Improvement, Health, Safety, Social cost, Cycling, Impact study
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 113 Road: Cycling, walking and moped transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12792 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Andersson, J. & Peters, B. (2018). Visual reaction time abilities relation to driving performance: a simulator based driving performance experiment with visually impaired individuals. In: : . Paper presented at 18th International Conference Road Safety on Five Continents (RS5C 2018), Jeju Island, South Korea, May 16-18, 2018. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual reaction time abilities relation to driving performance: a simulator based driving performance experiment with visually impaired individuals
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The literature suggests that ocular diseases are negatively related to driving performance. The factors associated with safe driving is discussed and perceptual abilities are suggested to be related to crash involvement. The present study will focus on i) perceptual tasks or reaction time tasks and ii) attentional and cognitive tasks. All tasks will be visual and cognitive demanding and the objective is to understand how different visual cognitive tasks are related to driving performance. The motive is to be able to discriminate between safe versus unsafe drivers with visual deficits but also understand how different mental mechanisms are related to safe, or unsafe, driving.

The reaction time tasks are interesting since the reaction time of participants in the study can be measured when performing the driving task. The participants’ reaction time when an object is possible to detect can be measured i) within the complex driving scenario as well as in tasks ii) mimicking driving and iii) “regular” computerized reaction time tasks such as the Simon task. Hence, the objective is two-folded to develop a simulator based method able to discriminate between safe versus unsafe drivers (among the visual deficit population). Second, to pinpoint the importance of visual reaction time and different cognitive tasks on driving performance.

The cognitive, attentional demanding tasks are not as analyzed at this point but will be elaborated on in the presentation. The tasks are presented in the method section.

The summarised data on patients with Glaucoma, Cataract, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and diabetic retinopathy reveal, on a general level, is that ocular diseases impair driver performance.  The literature also suggests, for instance, that not all Glaucoma patients fail on-road driving tests. In summary, the majority of the research literature results indicate, a) general decline in driving performance due to a visual impairment, but b) this is not true for all patients with the same visual deficit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2018
Research subject
X RSXC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12942 (URN)
Conference
18th International Conference Road Safety on Five Continents (RS5C 2018), Jeju Island, South Korea, May 16-18, 2018
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
Kyriakidis, M., de Winter, J. C., Stanton, N., Bellet, T., van Arem, B., Brookhuis, K. A., . . . Happee, R. (2017). A human factors perspective on automated driving. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 1-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A human factors perspective on automated driving
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2017 (English)In: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements – which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research – and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2017
Keywords
Autonomous driving, Interview, Expert opinion, Interface, Human factor
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11731 (URN)10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187 (DOI)2-s2.0-85014664061 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-03-30 Created: 2017-03-30 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved
Johnsen, A., Strand, N., Andersson, J., Patten, C., Kraetsch, C. & Takman, J. (2017). D2.1 Literature review on the acceptance and road safety, ethical, legal, social and economic implications of automated vehicles.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>D2.1 Literature review on the acceptance and road safety, ethical, legal, social and economic implications of automated vehicles
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This deliverable summarizes the findings of an extensive literature review on the acceptance, behavioural intentions, road safety, as well as ethical, legal, social (ELSI) and economic considerations in the scope of vehicle automation.

The theoretical fundaments and relevant findings of recent public opinion research regarding user acceptance of automation are presented. Also the view of organised stakeholders is taken into account.

Regarding road safety there is a potential for increased road safety but drivers tend to pick up non-related driving tasks instead. These problems are due to several traditional HMI concerns. In the future autonomous cars must make decisions that touch on ethical issues that have not yet been sufficiently and transparently discussed. Although in many countries legislation is now reacting to the new technology, many aspects – like liability and privacy / data protection – are not yet regulated by law. Automated vehicles promise to have several clear benefits that might change the entire transport system. The positive externalities that come from the technological advantages of automated vehicles might be outweighed by the negative externalities coming from the potential increases in travelling by private vehicles.

National Category
Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13984 (URN)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Andersson, J. & Peters, B. (2016). Simulatorbaserad testmetod: bedömning av körförmåga hos individer med synfältsbortfall. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulatorbaserad testmetod: bedömning av körförmåga hos individer med synfältsbortfall
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Simulator based test method : driving ability assessment of individuals with visual deficits
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med projektet var att utveckla en metod för att bedöma om individer med synfältsbortfall kan köra på ett säkert sätt. Utgångspunkten för projektet var att metoden ska vara en simulatorbaserad metod eftersom i huvudsak två kriterier var önskvärda att uppfylla. Först var det viktigt att det systematiskt inträffade flera händelser som det var möjligt att utvärdera. För det andra bör dessa händelser vara samma för alla personer som skulle testas. Syftet var att utveckla en metod som optimerar giltigheten och tillförlitligheten när det gäller testning av var och en av unika individer. Testningen på den individuella nivån var viktig eftersom metoden inte skulle användas för forskningsändamål, utan i första hand för att bestämma huruvida en unik individ med synfältsförlust kan köra på ett säkert sätt. När man testar en individ kan flera detaljer gå fel under ett vanligt experiment. Det har en minimal inverkan på försöket eftersom det oftast är möjligt att komplettera datainsamlingen med en annan individ. Det är inte ett alternativ för detta projekt. I denna testning får det inte gå fel eftersom individen inte kan få en andra chans, dvs. det finns ingen möjlighet för individen att få komma tillbaka och bli testad igen.

Dessa två kriterier och punkter ovan har resulterat i den metod som utvecklats. När en individ genomförde en testning utvecklades ett testprotokoll som genererades ur simulator data (efter en hel del arbete). Detta protokoll visar hur individen utfört 37 (+2) händelser (och de relaterade måtten för varje händelse) utifrån ett säkerhetsmarginalperspektiv. För att stödja bedömare med bedömningen av en testad individ har a) data från en referensgrupp (över 100 personer) och b) ett utvecklat testprotokoll (med kritiska trösklar för olika mätningar) använts. Bedömningen utfördes av två oberoende bedömare. Om bedömarna var överens behövdes inga ytterligare bedömningar utföras. Om bedömarna inte var överens gjorde en tredje bedömare en bedömning. Syftet med testprotokollet är att de personer som vill använda testprotokollet som grund för en ansökan om undantag kan göra det. Det är fortfarande Transportstyrelsen, som beslutar om undantag.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the project was to develop a method to assess if individuals with visual field loss can drive in a safe manner. The starting point for the project was that the method should be a simulator based method because essentially two criteria were desirable. First, it was important that several events occurred systematically and that events were possible to evaluate, i.e., that it was possible to discriminate between good and bad performances. Second, these events should be the same events for all individuals that was to be tested. The aim was to develop a method that optimizes the validity and reliability with respect to testing of each and one of unique individuals. The testing procedure of the individual level was important because the method would not be used for research purposes but primarily to determine whether a unique individual with visual field loss can drive in a safe manner. Several details that can go wrong during an ordinary experiment, when running subjects, have a minimal impact concerning the experiment because it is most often possible to complement the experimental data collection with another subject. This is not an option for this project.

These criteria and points raised above collectively resulted in the method developed. When an individual completed the scenario developed, a test protocol was generated (after a lot of work). This protocol reveals how the individual performed during the 37 (+2) events (and related measures) based on a safety margin perspective. To support the rater with the assessment of a subject a) data from a reference group (over 100 individuals) and b) a developed test protocol (with critical thresholds for different measurements) were used. The assessment was carried out by two independent raters. If the raters agreed no further judgments were performed. If the raters disagreed a third rater assessed the subjects’ performance. The purpose of the test protocol is that those individuals who want to use the test protocol results as a basis for an exemption application, can do so. It is still the Transport Agency, which decides on an exemption cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. p. 31
Series
VTI notat ; 33-2016
Keywords
Field of vision, Driving aptitude, Driving (veh), Ability (road user), Test method, Simulator (driving)
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 84 Road: Road users; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11385 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-19 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2019-06-11
Andersson, J., Eriksson, G., Abadir Guirgis, G., Bagdadi, O., Ihlström, J., Sommarström, E. & Thorslund, B. (2015). Läsbarhet av vägskyltar i form av LED-skylt: färgkombination och fontstorlekens betydelse för läsbarheten. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Läsbarhet av vägskyltar i form av LED-skylt: färgkombination och fontstorlekens betydelse för läsbarheten
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2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
LED roads signs readability : effects of color combinations, font size and light conditions on readability
Abstract [sv]

Läsbarheten av vägskyltar har studerats och då i LED-format. Avsikten med studien var att studera effekten av färgkombination, fontstorlek och ljusbetingelser för läsbarheten av en LED-skylt. 101 studenter deltog i studien, där 32 var män och 69 var kvinnor. Deras ålder varierade mellan 18–66 år. Valet av försökspersoner påverkades av studiens syfte, det vill säga det var inte intressant att studera vare sig skillnader mellan olika kön, ålder eller synförmåga. En statistisk analys genomfördes för att studera hur läsbarhetsavstånden varierade som en effekt av färgkombination, fontstorlek och ljusförhållanden. Vidare uppmättes belysningsstyrkan vid de datainsamlingstillfällen som genomfördes. Läsbarhetsavstånden undersöktes både i dagsljus och i mörker. Resultaten av studien visar att färgkombinationen på skylten påverkar dess läsbarhet. Skyltar med vit text på blå, brun eller grön bakgrund kunde avläsas vid längre avstånd än skyltar med svart text på vit eller orange bakgrund. Fontstorleken är också av betydelse för läsbarheten och varje ökning i fontstorlek ger en signifikant skillnad i avstånd som skylten kan avläsas på där skylten med den största fontstorleken (300 mm) avläses från längst avstånd. Skyltarna avläses även vid längre avstånd i dagsljus jämfört med mörker. Läsbarheten av skylten med den minsta fontstorleken 200 millimeter ändras dock inte signifikant vid dagsljus jämfört med mörker. Dessa entydiga resultat påvisar att samtliga variabler som studerats har betydelse för läsbarheten. Det ska dock tilläggas att försöksdeltagarna stod stilla vid de tillfällen som de avläste skyltarna och hade fri sikt till skylten.

Abstract [en]

The readability of road signs was studied and in particular the LED format. The purpose of this study was to study the effect of color combination, font size and light conditions on readability. 101 students participated in the study, where 32 were men and 69 were women. Their age ranged from 18–66 years. The choice of subjects were driven by the study's purpose, i.e. for this study it was not of interest to study the differences between gender, age or eyesight. A statistical analysis was carried out to study how readability distances varied as a result of the combination of colors, font size and light conditions. Furthermore, illuminance was measured when the data collection occasions was conducted. Distances were examined both in daylight and in darkness. The results of the study show that the color combination of the LED-sign affects its readability. Signs with white text on blue, brown or green background could be read correctly at a greater distance than the signs with black text on white or orange background. The font size is also important for the readability and every increase in font size produces a significant difference in the distance that the sign can be read. The sign with the largest font size (300 mm) was read correctly from the longest distance. The signs were read even at greater distances in daylight than in darkness. The readability of the sign with the smallest font size 200 mm does not change significantly during the daylight compared to darkness conditions. These conclusive results demonstrate that all the variables studied are important for readability. It should be added that participants stood still during the trial when they scanned/read the signs and had free sight to the LED-sign.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2015. p. 28
Series
VTI notat ; 15-2015
Keywords
Traffic sign, Light emitting diode, Legibility, Visibility, Colour, Lettering, Luminance, Experiment
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
20 Road: Traffic engineering, 22 Road: Traffic control and traffic information
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7931 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2017-12-18Bibliographically approved
Levén, A., Lyxell, B., Andersson, J. & Danielsson, H. (2014). Pictures as cues or as support to verbal cues at encoding and execution of prospective memories in individuals with intellectual disability. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 16(2), 141-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pictures as cues or as support to verbal cues at encoding and execution of prospective memories in individuals with intellectual disability
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 141-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focused on prospective memory in persons with intellectual disability and age-matched controls. Persons with intellectual disability have limited prospective memory function. We investigated prospective memory with words and pictures as cues at encoding and retrieval. Prospective and episodic memory was estimated from Prospective Memory Game performance. Pictures at retrieval were important for prospective memory in particular in the intellectual disability group. Prospective memory performance imposed a cost to Episodic Memory (ongoing task) performance in the intellectual disability group. This group was outperformed by the control group on working memory, time reproduction, time concepts, and Raven's coloured progressive matrices. To conclude, pictures at retrieval improve prospective memory performance compared to words as cues. This can be essential for the intellectual disability group likely due to limited episodic and working memory capacity and the ability to switch attention.

Keywords
Cognition, Disabled person, Test
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
SAB, Do Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-9377 (URN)10.1080/15017419.2013.781954 (DOI)2-s2.0-84897911520 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-03-02 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Nygårdhs, S., Lundkvist, S.-O., Andersson, J. & Dahlbäck, N. (2014). The effect of different delineator post configurations on driver speed in night-time traffic: A driving simulator study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 72, 341-350
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of different delineator post configurations on driver speed in night-time traffic: A driving simulator study
2014 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 72, p. 341-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate how different delineator post configurations affect driver speed in night-time traffic. In addition, the potential speed effect of introducing a secondary task was investigated. The study was carried out in a car simulator on a road stretch including straight road sections as well as curves with different radii. Fourteen drivers participated in the study and the results show that absence of delineator posts leads to reduced speed. However, provided that there are delineator posts continuously present along the road, the overall driver speed is basically the same, regardless of the spacing between the delineator posts. The results also imply that to reduce driver speed in curves with small radius, using more compact spacing of posts in these curves as compared to in curves with a larger radius, could be a potential strategy. Additionally, the speed reducing effect of a secondary task was only prevailing where the task was initiated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Marker post, Simulator (driving), Night, Distraction, Driver, Speed
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 30 Road: Highway design, 34 Road: Safety devices
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6954 (URN)10.1016/j.aap.2014.07.023 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-08-18 Created: 2014-08-18 Last updated: 2017-08-01Bibliographically approved
Jansson, J., Nilsson, L. & Andersson, J. (2012). Driving simulation cooperation strategy: pre-study report. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driving simulation cooperation strategy: pre-study report
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Körsimulering är ett omfattande och verkligt tvärvetenskapligt forskningsområde. Området innefattar bland annat visualisering, fordonsdynamik, ’motion cueing’, ljudåtergivning. Körsimulatorer används i forskningen inom alla delar av transportområdet, från väg-, infrastuktur- och fordonsutformning till förarbeteende och human factors. Andra viktiga områden som använder sig av körsimulering, förutom forskningen, är till exempel produktutveckling, träning och utbildning, demonstration och visualisering, racerbilsinställning och speltillämpningar. Den rapporterade förstudien har genomförts på uppdrag av Chalmers. Studien har fokuserat på hur man bygger och vidmakthåller kompetens och kunskap inom körsimuleringsområdet, samt hur man på ett effektivt sätt hanterar resurser, till exempel underhåll av teknisk utrustning, så att simuleringsaktiviteterna blir kostnadseffektiva. Körsimuleringsmetodiken som en länk i en verktygskedja har också beaktats angående synergier, kopplingar och möjligheter till samverkan med andra forskningsmetoder. Förstudien har resulterat i: - En översikt av området avancerad körsimulering globalt. - En sammanställning av för- och nackdelar med kommersiell respektive egen utveckling av simuleringsmjukvara. - En kartläggning av pågående simulatoraktiviteter i Sverige, inom Chalmers och på VTI. - Ett förslag till samarbetsstrategi inom området körsimulering.

Abstract [en]

Driving simulation is a large and truly inter-disciplinary research field. It involves visualization, vehicle dynamics, motion cueing, sound rendering and much more. Furthermore, research conducted in driving simulators has applications in almost all areas of transportation from road, infrastructure and vehicle design to human behaviour and human factors. Apart from research applications, other important areas using driving simulation are for example product development, training and education, demonstration and visualization, race car tuning and gaming. The pre-study reported here has been conducted on assignment from Chalmers. The focus has been on how to build and maintain competence and knowledge in the field of driving simulation, and how to efficiently manage resources, such as maintenance of the technical equipment, for simulation activities to become cost effective. Also, the driving simulation methodology as one link in a tool chain has been considered concerning synergies, connections and cooperation possibilities with other research methodologies. The pre-study has resulted in: - A survey of the field of advanced driving simulation globally. - A synthesis of pros and cons of commercial and own developed simulation software. - A review of on-going simulator activities in Sweden, at Chalmers and at VTI. - A proposal for a cooperation strategy in the field of driving simulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2012. p. 30
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 763A
Keywords
Simulator (driving), Simulation, Research project, Körsimulatorer, Simulering, Forskningsprojekt
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, Road: Organization and administration; Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1846 (URN)
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2014-09-22Bibliographically approved
Sandin, J., Renner, L. & Andersson, J. (2012). The effect on passenger cars’ meeting margins when overtaking 30 meter trucks on real roads.. In: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012- 14 Volume Set: Proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference 21-25 July 2012. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. 21-25 July 2012. San Francisco, California, USA.. Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect on passenger cars’ meeting margins when overtaking 30 meter trucks on real roads.
2012 (English)In: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012- 14 Volume Set: Proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference 21-25 July 2012, Taylor & Francis, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose was to study the effect of vehicle length on meeting margins during overtaking maneuvers. A field study video-recorded overtaking maneuvers of a 30 m and a 24 m truck on a two-lane road. The difference in average meeting margins between the trucks was not statistically significant. An ocular assessment of the video material revealed a few critical situations during the overtaking maneuvers of the 30 m truck; all with meeting margins less than 3 s. Although these results should be interpreted with great caution as the number of analyzed overtaking maneuvers was limited, two previous studies describe similar findings. The conflict technique is discussed as a tool in the assessment of critical meeting margins. It is concluded that more field studies and data are needed to estimate the risks when overtaking Longer Combination Vehicles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012
Series
Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series
Keywords
Lorry, Trailer, Length, Meeting traffic, Overtaking, Measurement, Time, Conflict (driving)
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7095 (URN)146655262X (ISBN)9781466552623 (ISBN)
Conference
4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. 21-25 July 2012. San Francisco, California, USA.
Available from: 2014-09-16 Created: 2014-09-16 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2292-3722

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