Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Levin, L. (2019). Analys av integreringen av jämställdhet i regional transportplanering i Dalarna: Regional systemanalys Dalarna och Länsplan för regional transportinfrastruktur Dalarna 2018–2029. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analys av integreringen av jämställdhet i regional transportplanering i Dalarna: Regional systemanalys Dalarna och Länsplan för regional transportinfrastruktur Dalarna 2018–2029
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Analysis of the integration of gender equality in regional transportplanning in Dalarna
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att analysera integreringen av det transportpolitiska jämställdhetsmålet i den regionala transportplaneringen i Region Dalarna. Projektet genomfördes med kvalitativ innehållsanalys av dokumenten ”Regional systemanalys Dalarna – underlag för transportinfrastrukturplanering” och ”Länsplan för regional transportinfrastruktur Dalarna 2018–2029” samt intervjuer med åtta nyckelpersoner som medverkat i arbetsprocesserna med att ta fram de båda dokumenten. Dokumenten uppvisar en bra bild av transportinfrastrukturen i regionen men ger en ganska allmän bild av befolkningen, som bland annat kan hänskjutas till att det i flera avseenden saknas uppdelning mellan olika befolkningsgrupper i den statistik som presenteras. Forskarna föreslår att den kunskap som finns om transportinfrastrukturen och befolkningen regionalt, används mer systematiskt för att analysera olika gruppers (såsom kvinnor och män, äldre och yngre) resande samt deras inflytande och möjligheter att påverka sin egen mobilitet. I intervjuerna framkommer att både jämställdhet och mångfald uppfattas som svårt i den regionala transportplaneringen och att det behövs mer kunskap och erfarenhet. Intervjupersonerna hänvisar till att det finns en del kunskap men att det saknas strukturer för hur den kan tas in i planeringsprocessen. Vissa uttalanden pekar på att det pågår ett pionjärarbete. Jämställdhet och mångfald beskrivs av vissa som ”nya” inslag i den regionala transportinfrastrukturplaneringen, jämfört med frågor som framkomlighet, tillväxt och miljö. De saknar utvecklade rutiner för att integrera jämställdhet och mångfald i sina arbetsprocesser. Genomgående när det gäller jämställdhet erfordras en tydligare inriktning – till exempel att integrera könsuppdelad statistik på regional nivå och analyser av den egna regionen kopplad till målformuleringarna på nationell nivå (transportpolicy och nationella jämställdhetsmål). Ett exempel på metod skulle kunna var jämställdhetskonsekvensbedömning (JKB), men även en bredare social konsekvensbedömning (SKB) där man inkluderar olika grupper med utgångspunkt i grunderna i diskrimineringslagen.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study, which is reported in this publication, was to analyse the integration of the transport policy’s equality objective in the regional transport planning in Dalarna. The project was carried out based on qualitative content analysis of the two documents "Regional system analysis Dalarna - basis for transport infrastructure planning" and "County plan for regional transport infrastructure Dalarna 2018–2029" and interviews with eight key persons who participated in the work processes in developing the two documents. The documents show a good picture of the transport infrastructure in the region, but a quite general picture of the population – there is some statistics but no distribution between different population groups. The researchers suggest that the knowledge that exists about the transport infrastructure and the population regionally, should be used more systematically to analyse different groups (such as women and men, older and younger) as transport users, their power of the transport system and their opportunities to influence their own mobility. It appears from the interviews that both gender equality and diversity mainstreaming are perceived as difficult in regional transport planning and that more knowledge and experience are needed. It is pointed out that there is some knowledge but that there are no structures for how it can be incorporated into the planning process. Some statements indicate that pioneering work is ongoing. Gender equality and diversity are described by some as "new" elements in regional transport infrastructure planning, compared to issues such as accessibility, growth and the environment. Interviewees said they lacked developed routines for integrating gender equality and diversity into their work processes. Regarding gender equality a clearer focus is required – for example, to integrate gender-disaggregated statistics at regional level and analyses of the region linked to the target formulations at national level (the transport policy and the national gender equality goals). An example of a method could be gender equality impact assessment (GIA), but also a broader social impact assessment (SIA) where different groups are included based on the Discrimination Act.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2019. p. 38
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 1002
Keywords
Passenger transport, Journey, Regional planning, Policy, Equity, Man, Woman
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13593 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Levin, L. (2019). How may public transport influence the practice of everyday life among younger and older people and how may their practices influence public transport?. Social Sciences, 8(3), Article ID 96.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How may public transport influence the practice of everyday life among younger and older people and how may their practices influence public transport?
2019 (English)In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines public transport use through the lens of practice to understand the perspectives of two categories of public transport users: Younger and older people. In taking this approach, we assume that the forms of mobility in a society are dependent on citizens' everyday practices and on the structures of the cities, landscapes, etc. Transport needs and accessibility may vary depending on contexts (i.e., where and how we live) and on the various resources of groups of citizens. Results indicated that younger people are repeatedly referred to public transport to meet their mobility needs, while older people are more often car-dependent. Local variations, among both younger and older people, indicate higher confidence in public transport in big and medium-sized cities and a greater desire for car ownership in small cities. For the transition to sustainable mobility, e.g., public transport, transport associations and local governments should be responsive to the practice of everyday life among citizens: e.g., younger people's leisure activities in afternoons and weekends, and older people's wish for accessible transport service outside the dominant flow of passengers and their daily commuting practice. The data come from Sweden, specifically from focus groups with teenagers aged 14-16 years and retired people aged 63-97 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2019
Keywords
Public transport, Old people, Accessibility, Adolescent, Motivation, Sweden
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13727 (URN)10.3390/socsci8030096 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063891108 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Levin, L. & Faith-Ell, C. (2019). How to apply gender equality goals in transport and infrastructure planning. In: Christina Lindkvist Scholten, Tanja Joelsson (Ed.), Integrating Gender into Transport Planning: From One to Many Tracks: (pp. 89-118). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to apply gender equality goals in transport and infrastructure planning
2019 (English)In: Integrating Gender into Transport Planning: From One to Many Tracks / [ed] Christina Lindkvist Scholten, Tanja Joelsson, Palgrave Macmillan , 2019, p. 89-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Working systematically on gender mainstreaming in transport infrastructure entails implementing a gender perspective in all stages of decision-making, planning and execution. In light of the sustainability goals introduced through the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this chapter presents a model of how to address gender mainstreaming in transport planning in a more systematic way. Previous research has addressed the gender-equality goals in Sweden; now, we suggest how to explore the model in an international context. Our research is influenced by the fields of social impact assessment (SIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA), which we have combined into a model for integrating gender equality into transport planning. We call it gender impact assessment (GIA). The model has been developed over ten years of research into how gender-equality goals are implemented in transport planning. The model is objectives-led, goal-oriented, and adapted to planning practice.

We argue that an objectives-led approach to GIA could further develop transport planning with regard to gender mainstreaming. First, this approach to GIA could improve the outcomes of transport planning and second, this model of GIA would provide an assessment of whether or not various strategic actions are moving in the desired direction. This means that transport planners would be able to evaluate the fulfilment of the 2030 Agenda goals or national gender-equality goals. Third, GIA would establish assessment criteria to be used for testing the effects on gender equality of strategic actions of transport plans. Fourth and finally, this approach to GIA also highlights potential goal conflicts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Keywords
Woman, Transport infrastructure, Planning, Transport, Decision process, Impact study, Method
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13735 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-05042-9_5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85064362080 (Scopus ID)9783030050429 (ISBN)9783030050412 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved
Levin, L. (2019). How to Integrate Gender Equality in the Future of “Smart” Mobility: A Matter for a Changing Planning Practice. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: . Paper presented at 26 July 2019 through 31 July 2019 (pp. 393-412). Springer Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to Integrate Gender Equality in the Future of “Smart” Mobility: A Matter for a Changing Planning Practice
2019 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Verlag , 2019, p. 393-412Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable transport is one of the key challenges of the UN and EU to ensure to meet society’s economic, social and environmental needs whilst minimising undesirable impacts. Sustainability planning may require changing the way we solve transportation problems. From the perspectives of the sustainability, we may assume that the emphasis should move in direction to changing the practice: but exactly what practice and who’s practices are to be changed? One way is to investigate gendered mobilities. The main differences in mobility patterns between women and men at a general level, are found in modal choice and travel distance. Women’s practices tend to be related to the most sustainable means of transport, while men’s practices are related to more un-sustainable transport. Relying on studies on transport planning including focus groups, interviews and workshops in Sweden, this paper ties the concepts of gender equality, to contemporary planning and sustainable “smart” mobility, and investigates in what way knowledge about gender equality is elaborated in regional planning practice. It appeared from the interviews that both gender equality and diversity were perceived as difficult in regional transport planning and that more knowledge and experience were needed. It was pointed out that there existed some knowledge but that there were no structures for how it could be incorporated into the planning process. Noticeable are conflicting practices, while policy on gender equality are attached to the planning there are still beliefs that transport planning can be gender neutral and free from social impacts. The smart mobility approach promises improvements of mobility and access opportunities for all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2019
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14089 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-22666-4_29 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069812781 (Scopus ID)9783030226657 (ISBN)
Conference
26 July 2019 through 31 July 2019
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
(2019). Kollektivtrafik i storstadens skugga: Krönikor från Living lab i Uddevalla. Lund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kollektivtrafik i storstadens skugga: Krönikor från Living lab i Uddevalla
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: , 2019. p. 52
Series
K2 OUTREACH ; 2019:2
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14092 (URN)978-91-519-1486-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved
Antonson, H. & Levin, L. (2018). A crack in the Swedish welfare façade?: A review of assessing social impacts in transport infrastructure planning. Progress in Planning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A crack in the Swedish welfare façade?: A review of assessing social impacts in transport infrastructure planning
2018 (English)In: Progress in Planning, ISSN 0305-9006, E-ISSN 1873-4510Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

A comparison of social impact categorisation in strategic planning across European Union Member States shows that Sweden neither categorises nor breaks down categories of social impact in areas such as transport infrastructure development. This article accordingly studies how social issues are handled during transport infrastructure planning. An analysis of different source materials will answer four research questions:

  1. To what extent are social impacts integrated into environmental impact assessment (EIA) reports?
  2. Are social impacts sufficiently integrated and/or does this treatment simply amount to ‘good practice’?
  3. Can any trend be detected over time in terms of addressing social issues in impact assessments?
  4. What key measures could increase the influence of social impact issues on transport infrastructure planning practice?

The study involved a content analysis of six EIA handbooks and EIA statements (EISs) for 18 large transport infrastructure projects. The concepts searched for in these documents largely apply to issues of vulnerability, health, social problems, perceived safety, and alienation. Our data were interpreted through the theoretical lens of institutional interplay. We found that though social aspects are not new considerations in EIA research, they are included in only a small proportion of the 18 Swedish EISs, mostly in connection with health and accessibility. We also found that the more recent documents allotted less space to social issues. It is unlikely that most individuals in the organisations that order EISs, or the consultancies that write them, are unaware of the broader interpretation of ‘human beings’ which includes social aspects.

The conclusion is that in the absence of a government initiative to clarify how social impacts can be addressed in transport infrastructure planning, there is a need for an external network for organisations involved in transport infrastructure EISs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Transport, Planning, Social factors, Environmental impact assessment study, Safety, Health, Sociology, Accessibility, Organization (administration), Transport authority
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13558 (URN)10.1016/j.progress.2018.11.001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058710730 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Deppermann, A. (2018). Overtaking as an interactional achievement: video analyses of participants' practices in traffic. Göttingen: Verlag für Gesprächsforschung
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overtaking as an interactional achievement: video analyses of participants' practices in traffic
Show others...
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this article we pursue a systematic and extensive study of overtaking in traffic as an interactional event. Our focus is on the accountable organisation and accomplishment of overtaking by road users in real-world traffic situations. Data and analysis are drawn from multiple research groups studying driving from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic perspective. Building on multimodal and sequential analyses of video recordings of overtaking events, the article describes the shared practices which overtakers and overtaken parties use in displaying, recognising and coordinating their manoeuvres. It examines the three sequential phases of an overtaking event: preparation and projection; the overtaking proper; the realignment post-phase including retrospective accounts and assessments. We identify how during each of these phases drivers and passengers organise intra-vehicle and inter-vehicle practices: driving and non-driving related talk between vehicleoccupants, the emerging spatiotemporal ecology of the road, and the driving actions of other road users. The data is derived from a two camera set-up recording the road ahead and car interior. The recordings are from three settings: daily commuting, driving lessons, race-car coaching. The events occur on a variety of road types (motorways, country roads, city streets, a race track, etc.), in six languages (English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, and Swedish) and in seven countries (Australia, Finland, France, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK). From an exceptionally diverse collection of video data, the study of which is made possible thanks to the innovative collaboration of multiple researchers, the article exhibits the range of practical challenges and communicative skills involved in overtaking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göttingen: Verlag für Gesprächsforschung, 2018. p. 131
Series
Gesprächsforschung, ISSN 1617-1837 ; 19
Keywords
Driver, Overtaking, Video camera, Passenger, Behaviour, Communication
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13406 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-11-28Bibliographically approved
Rauniomaa, M., Haddington, P., Melander, H., Gazin, A.-D., Broth, M., Cromdal, J., . . . McIlvenny, P. (2018). Parsing tasks for the mobile novice in real time: Orientation to the learner's actions and to spatial and temporal constraints in instructing-on-the-move. Journal of Pragmatics, 128, 30-52
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parsing tasks for the mobile novice in real time: Orientation to the learner's actions and to spatial and temporal constraints in instructing-on-the-move
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 128, p. 30-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies parsing as a practice used in mobile instruction. The findings build on ethnomethodological conversation analysis and on observations made on video data that have been collected from three settings: skiing, driving a car and flying a plane. In the data, novice learners are instructed by more experienced instructors to accomplish various mobile tasks. The paper shows how instructors use parsing to guide learners to carry out, step-by-step, the sub-actions that the ongoing mobile task (e.g. turning, landing) is composed of. The paper argues that parsing is a practice employed by instructors to highlight the sub-actions of a mobile task. Instructors may also use parsing to orient learners to emergent problems to do with the timing, quality and order of the sub-actions in the performance of a complex mobile task. Finally, the paper shows that sometimes there is not enough time to parse an ongoing task, in which case the parsing can be carried out afterwards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2018
Keywords
Driver training, Driving instructor, Instructions
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 843 Road: Driver training and road user education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12860 (URN)10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.005 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044090978 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Broth, M., Cromdal, J. & Levin, L. (2018). Showing where you're going. Instructing the accountable use of the indicator in live traffic. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 28(2), 248-264
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Showing where you're going. Instructing the accountable use of the indicator in live traffic
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 248-264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article takes an interest in how students at a driving school are instructed how to make the car's behaviour intelligible (accountable) to other road users in traffic. Taking the indicator as an example, the analytic focus is on the ways in which the indicator's relevance is instructed and its timely activation practiced, and how activating the indicator is instructed as part of more encompassing turning procedures. The indicator is one of the central resources built into cars for displaying to others a driver's intention about where to go next. Although indicating does not, in itself, affect the movement of the car, activating the indicator is crucial for allowing others to anticipate a car's movement in space, and coordinate themselves with it. The analysis shows how instructors manage trainee drivers' instructed actions during driving by providing descriptions of what using the indicator accomplishes before a directive to turn (a), after a directive to turn (b), and as accounts for initiating correction of trainee driver car control activity (c).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2018
Keywords
Driver training, Driving instructor, Behaviour, Turning
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 843 Road: Driver training and road user education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13189 (URN)10.1111/ijal.12194 (DOI)000439789900003 ()2-s2.0-85050375959 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Broth, M., Cromdal, J. & Levin, L. (2018). Telling the Other's side. Formulating others' mental states in driver training. Language & Communication
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Telling the Other's side. Formulating others' mental states in driver training
2018 (English)In: Language & Communication, ISSN 0271-5309, E-ISSN 1873-3395Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

This article examines ascriptions of mental states to other road users in live traffic driver training. Through this practice, instructors formulate how others make sense of the trainee driver's car. Using multimodal conversation analysis, we demonstrate how others' side formulations support trainee drivers' communicative handling of the car during ongoing coordination events. In contrast, formulations occurring after coordination events serve educational ends, yielding the generic inferential practices by which competent drivers make contextual sense of others' actions. Therefore, others' side formulations comprise an important instructional resource for introducing neophyte drivers into the real-world theorizing, rendering traffic its orderly social character.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Driver training, Cognition, Driver, Communication, Comprehension
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 843 Road: Driver training and road user education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13177 (URN)10.1016/j.langcom.2018.04.007 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048525627 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1577-8793

Search in DiVA

Show all publications