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Kuttah, D. K. (2019). An overview on portable roads and airfields: using of matting systems as temporary and semi-permanent roads and airfields. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An overview on portable roads and airfields: using of matting systems as temporary and semi-permanent roads and airfields
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
En översikt om portabla vägar och flygfält : användning av mattor som tillfälliga ochsemipermanenta vägar och flygfält
Abstract [en]

Matting systems used as roadways and airfields are new innovative techniques used to solve mobility problems and make it easier to get around and transport goods under different climate and traffic conditions. The portable roads are extremely versatile and can be used for servicing areas with poor ground conditions, heavy load requirements and high traffic density. They could be used to facilitate vehicular access into areas that contain saturated soils, wetlands or soft/poor subgrade conditions and make secluded areas accessible (remote regions in general.).

Moreover, portable roads can be used as temporary roads for emergency situations to enable aid deliveries to disaster areas, or during maintenance of existing roads or as temporary roads during a traffic jam.

Regarding the portable airfields, some portable runways have been developed to support the heavy rolling loads, including heavy unmanned aircrafts and heavy maintenance equipment. Most of the available portable airfields are used in remote areas where existing runway or airport infrastructure is limited or non-existent. The use of mats to construct an airfield depends on many factors, such as ground conditions, the type and weight of aircraft being deployed, the expected usage levels, and the time available to construct the airfield.

The objective of this report is to provide a practical perspective on construction and performance characteristics of some available portable roads and airfields systems that can be used to solve temporary and semi-permanent transport problems. Literature results are presented to educate the readers on available systems’ types and the best uses of each system in different applications.

Abstract [sv]

Portabla vägar och flygfält är nya och innovativa tekniker för att hålla transportvägar öppna under svåra klimat- och trafikförhållanden. De portabla vägarna är extremt mångsidiga och kan användas till serviceområden med dåliga grundförhållanden, höga lastkrav och stor trafikintensitet. De underlättar fordonstrafik till områden med vattenmättade jordar, våtmarker eller andra områden med mjuka/dåliga undergrundsförhållanden och gör avskilda områden tillgängliga (ofta i avlägsna trakter).

Dessutom kan portabla vägar användas som tillfälliga vägar i akutsituationer för att möjliggöra nödleveranser till utsatta samhällen, vid underhåll av befintliga vägar eller som tillfälliga vägar vid trafikstockning inne i städer.

Beträffande flygfält har en del portabla start- och landningsbanor utvecklats för att klara tunga rullande laster inklusive obemannade flygplan och tunga underhållsutrustningar. De flesta av de portabla flygfälten används i avlägsna områden där ”flyginfrastrukturen” är begränsad eller saknas helt. Hur underlaget (mattorna) till flygfältskonstruktioner görs, beror på många faktorer, t.ex. grundförhållanden, flygplanstyper och dess laster, förväntad användning samt tillgänglig konstruktionstid av flygfälten.

Målet med den här rapporten är att ge en inblick på konstruktion och prestanda hos de portabla väg- och flygfältssystem som finns för att lösa tillfälliga och semipermanenta transportproblem. Resultatet av litteraturstudien visar på de tillgängliga typer av system som finns och hur de bäst ska användas (i olika applikationer).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2019. p. 28
Series
VTI notat ; 15A-2019
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14098 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved
Razouki, S. & Kuttah, D. K. (2019). Behaviour of Fine-Grained Gypsum-Rich Soil under Triaxial Tests. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behaviour of Fine-Grained Gypsum-Rich Soil under Triaxial Tests
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials, ISSN 1747-650X, E-ISSN 1747-6518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Bearing capacity, Compaction, Failure, Soil, Strength, Stress, Triaxial
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
60 Road: Soil and geotechnics, 62 Road: Soil mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13580 (URN)DOI: 10.1680/jcoma.18.00041 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. (2019). Enkel teknik för att bestämma bärighet av obundna material. In: : . Paper presented at Metoddagen 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enkel teknik för att bestämma bärighet av obundna material
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
Bearing capacity, Measurement, Deflectograph, California bearing ratio, In situ, Laboratory (not an organization)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
30 Road: Highway design, 32 Road: Pavement design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13586 (URN)
Conference
Metoddagen 2019
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. & Porot, L. (2019). Performance Assessment of Hot-Asphalt Mixtures Produced with By-product Aggregates under Repetitive Heavy Traffic Loading. Journal of materials in civil engineering, 31(6), Article ID 04019088.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance Assessment of Hot-Asphalt Mixtures Produced with By-product Aggregates under Repetitive Heavy Traffic Loading
2019 (English)In: Journal of materials in civil engineering, ISSN 0899-1561, E-ISSN 1943-5533, Vol. 31, no 6, article id 04019088Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the importance of overcoming the challenges associated with the management of nonrenewable resources, and to solve the industrial waste stream problems, this article presents the results of fundamental research conducted to assess the rutting and fatigue cracking performance of hot asphalt mixtures with high percentages of by-product aggregates. For this purpose, two full-scale flexible pavement test sections were constructed and tested at the accelerated loading facilities at VTI (Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute). The accelerated test aimed at evaluating the performance of two developed asphalt mixtures, designated as mix 1 and mix 7, and made up of 98% of industrial by-products (namely, steel slag, foundry sand (WFS), and reclaimed asphalt pavement, in addition to biobased additives). The test sections were constructed in an indoor facility and loaded with a heavy vehicle simulator (HVS) equipped with a half-standard truck axle with dual wheels. The two road sections were constructed using the same construction materials obtained from the same source, as follows: asphalt surface layer of 50-mm thick, 70-mm thick granular base layer, and 160-mm thick subbase layer on top of a 2.6-m thick sandy subgrade soil. Horizontal asphalt strain sensors were embedded in the pavement test sections to assess the mixture's resistance to fatigue and cracking and the laser surface profiler measurements were used to evaluate the rutting performance under controlled testing conditions. For comparison purposes, the long-term rutting developed in the sections paved with mix 1 and mix 7 was compared to the rutting observed in a previous similar HVS test carried out on a 70-mm thick asphalt surface layer section made only with natural virgin aggregates.

The test results showed that mix 1 and mix 7 may suffer from higher rutting at the beginning when the road is open to traffic, as compared to asphalt mixtures of natural aggregate, but subsequently the alternative mixtures resisted the rutting development better with the increase of traffic loading as compared to the conventional asphalt mixtures. The horizontal strain measurements at the bottom of the asphalt layer during testing showed that failure began as cracks initiated at the bottom of the asphalt layer of mix 7 and started to propagate to the surface of the asphalt layer in the last stage of the HVS traffic loading of the test. No fatigue cracking was observed in the asphalt surface paved with mix 1 at the end of heavy vehicle simulation (HVS) testing. The study demonstrated that the adopted by-product hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures can substitute the conventional HMA material under the given heavy traffic loading and environmental conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019
Keywords
Alternative aggregate (unspecified), Reclaimed asphalt, By product, Experimental road, Rutting (wheel), Fatigue (mater), Cracking, Bituminous mixture
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
50 Road: Materials, 56 Road: Aggregate and stone materials; 30 Road: Highway design, 32 Road: Pavement design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13721 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0002724 (DOI)000465542100027 ()2-s2.0-85064035180 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. (2019). Strong correlation between the laboratory dynamic CBR and the compaction characteristics of sandy soil. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-ENGINEERING, 10(1), Article ID 7.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strong correlation between the laboratory dynamic CBR and the compaction characteristics of sandy soil
2019 (English)In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-ENGINEERING, ISSN 2092-9196, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Construction of earth structures involves the use of compacted soils. In roads construction quality controls like the bearing capacity of the subgrade, base and subbase layers, CBR values and compaction characteristics are primarily important. In Sweden, it has become interesting to correlate new testing parameters collected by simple tests to the conventional compaction parameters collected from modified Proctor tests. This action will help in assessing the bearing capacity of the selected material simply and quickly using the recent developed techniques instead of the conventional techniques which have been considered as time consuming methods. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that the laboratory dynamic California bearing ratio (CBRLD) test can be used as a method of compaction assessment of selected subgrade soil. Moreover, it has been demonstrated in this study that the CBRLD can strongly be correlated to the compaction densities and molding water contents using polynomial correlation and a best-fit multiple regression model for a wide range of molding water contents. In addition, the repeatability of the dynamic laboratory CBR test was examined as discussed in the current article.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER SINGAPORE PTE LTD, 2019
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14002 (URN)10.1186/s40703-019-0102-x (DOI)000470828600001 ()
Available from: 2019-07-17 Created: 2019-07-17 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K., Indacoechea, I., Rodriguez, I., Lastra Gonzalez, P., Blas, E., Casado, R., . . . Trussardi, L. (2018). ALTERPAVE Methodology: Deliverable 5.2, Alterpave EU-project.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ALTERPAVE Methodology: Deliverable 5.2, Alterpave EU-project
Show others...
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Series
Deliverable. Alterpave EU-project ; 5.2
Keywords
Bituminous mixture, Alternative aggregate (unspecified)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
50 Road: Materials, 56 Road: Aggregate and stone materials; 50 Road: Materials, 51 Road: Bituminous materials and binders
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13221 (URN)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2018-08-23 Created: 2018-08-23 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. (2018). ALTERPAVE (Use of end-of-life materials, waste and alternative binders as useful raw materials for pavements construction and rehabilitation): Deliverable 4.1 (Validation of the ALTERPAVE asphalt mixes by ALTs).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ALTERPAVE (Use of end-of-life materials, waste and alternative binders as useful raw materials for pavements construction and rehabilitation): Deliverable 4.1 (Validation of the ALTERPAVE asphalt mixes by ALTs)
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 106
Series
ALTERPAVE ; 4.1
Keywords
Bituminous mixture, Waste product, Recycling (mater)
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
50 Road: Materials, 51 Road: Bituminous materials and binders
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12786 (URN)
Projects
ALTERPAVE
Note

ALTERPAVE- EU Project report

ALTERPAVE is co-funded by Funding Partners ofthe ERA-NET Plus Infravation and the European Commission.

Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. (2018). The Heavy Vehicle Simulator Test. In: : . Paper presented at Alterpave workshop on Promotion of sustainable materials and circular economy in the road construction Tuesday 27 February 2018 | Milano (Italy).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Heavy Vehicle Simulator Test
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
In situ, Apparatus, Load, Pavement
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
30 Road: Highway design, 32 Road: Pavement design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13590 (URN)
Conference
Alterpave workshop on Promotion of sustainable materials and circular economy in the road construction Tuesday 27 February 2018 | Milano (Italy)
Projects
Alterpave
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K. (2018). Using of Circular Road Simulator to Evaluate the Performance of Asphalt Mixtures Made of Industrial By-Products. Journal of Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering, JGTTE, 4(1), 17-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using of Circular Road Simulator to Evaluate the Performance of Asphalt Mixtures Made of Industrial By-Products
2018 (English)In: Journal of Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering, JGTTE, ISSN 2379-8769, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 17-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well known that the use of by-products (recycled), instead of natural materials help toward more environmentally friendly roads by easing landfill pressures and reducing demand of extraction. Correspondingly, this paper deals with evaluating the mechanical performance of new developed hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixturesmade of alternative materials (up to 98% industrial wastematerials). The paper sheds light on the long-term performance of the new developed mixtures using the accelerated load testing facilities available at VTI (the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute). The materials, methods and results given in this article are part of ALTERPAVE European -project findings. In this project, different types of industrial by-products, namely, reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), foundry sand and steel slag) have been used in different fractions to find thecomposition of the best asphalt mixtures made mainly of industrial wastes that can substitute the asphalt mixtures made of natural aggregates. Using the circular road simulator (CRS), twenty- eight asphalt slabs were prepared using natural and industrial by-products and tested under different testing conditions. The CRS test has been used to assess the surface deterioration, wear and the changes in macrotextures of the tested asphalt slabs under wheel loading in dry or wet conditions and under different testing temperatures to simulate summer and winter seasons. In addition, studless and studded tires have been used to traffic the asphalt slabs during the CRS testing to simulate the current roads conditions in different European countries. The test results demonstrated that by controlling the homogeneity of recycled material and by using rejuvenators of suitable quality and quantity, it is possible to obtain paving mixtures with high content of recycled materials that can satisfactory substitute theconventional asphalt mixtures made of natural materials.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13208 (URN)
Projects
EU-project Alterpave
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2018-08-23 Created: 2018-08-23 Last updated: 2018-08-28Bibliographically approved
Kuttah, D. K., Rodríguez, I. & Indacoechea, I. (2017). ALTERPAVE (Use of end-of-life materials, waste and alternative binders as useful raw materials for pavements construction and rehabilitation): Deliverable 3.2 (New Asphalt Mixtures Performance Validation at Lab. Scale).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ALTERPAVE (Use of end-of-life materials, waste and alternative binders as useful raw materials for pavements construction and rehabilitation): Deliverable 3.2 (New Asphalt Mixtures Performance Validation at Lab. Scale)
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 130
Series
ALTERPAVE ; D3.2
Keywords
Recycling, Bituminous mixture, Waste product, Evaluation (assessment)
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
50 Road: Materials, 51 Road: Bituminous materials and binders
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12785 (URN)
Projects
ALTERPAVE - Use of End-of-Life Materials, Waste and Alternative Binders as Useful Raw Materials for Pavements Construction and Rehabilitation
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0478-1150

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